I use the peel of garlic and onion for processing cucumbers - for many years the bushes are healthy


I never throw away garlic and onion peels because they help protect the cucumbers growing in the garden from diseases and insects. I have to deal with this at a very early stage of their development, and during maturation. It doesn't matter where this vegetable grows - in a greenhouse or outdoors, cucumbers are most often affected by powdery mildew - simple or false. With a simple one - small white spots appear on the leaves and stems, which gradually cover the entire surface, and the leaves dry out. Cucumbers stop bearing fruit. With downy mildew, yellow spots and ginut cucumber lashes appear over the entire surface of the leaf. The reasons for the development of the disease are considered to be cool and damp weather, insufficient and irregular watering of the plants. And also an excess of nitrogen fertilizers in the soil. Another disease is rot, there is stem and root. She is more often infected with seeds. On the stems of young plants, gray watery spots are formed, which grow and transfer to leaves and ovaries. Therefore, the ovaries dry up. Cucumbers also suffer from bacteriosis, the pathogens of which are transferred to the beds by insects or strong winds. Then mucus appears on the back surface of the leaves.Such a pathology as brown olive spot of cucumbers. It is typical for plants grown in greenhouses. Fruits are also prone to fusarium wilt, when the ovaries die off before they have time to develop. With mosaic disease, all plant tissues are destroyed and natural pigmentation is lost. The leaves are deformed, the fruits are bent. Cucumber viral necrosis manifests itself in low light. Vegetables become smaller and become covered with light, depressed spots, around which the skin turns dark green. Besides diseases, cucumbers are susceptible to pests. The melon aphid is an insect of black or green color that lives on the lower part of the leaves and infects the lashes of plants along with the ovaries. The spider mite is difficult to detect due to its small size (less than 1 mm). The individual sucks the sap from the plants until it dies. A little more than a black flea tick. This is a dark-colored bug that jumps over the leaves and turns them into a sieve, sucking out plant sap and gnawing through tissue. In a few days, fleas are able to destroy all plantings. The sticky insect of a matte color is the whitefly, the most common pest. The plants affected by it turn yellow, the leaves fall off and the fruits do not increase. She is also a carrier of infections that lead to the death of the planting of cucumbers. Disease and pests can be controlled with the help of numerous fertilizers and chemicals. But all of them are more or less harmful to the fruit and can be unsafe, so I like to use the accumulated experience of many generations and keep cucumber bushes healthy with the help of onion and garlic husks.

Onion peels are saturated with various vitamins, potassium, phosphorus and iron salts. And garlic has useful properties of disinfecting microbes.

I collect the flakes in a 10 liter bucket. I take it only from healthy dry bulbs. Grind with hands if necessary. When half a bucket is full, I make an infusion: I pour the husk with boiling water until it is full and insist for a day, periodically stirring the whole mass. After 24 hours, I filter the infusion, and squeeze the cake. With the rest I mulch the ground in a garden with cucumbers. I add 1 cup of ground chalk to the strained infusion and mix everything again. The solution prepared in this way helps to protect the cucumbers from the invasion of pests. It scares them off with the smell of garlic and onions. It is recommended to use it as soon as the first two real sheets appeared. And spray the cucumbers until the end of fruiting.The infusion helps fight diseases and at the same time enriches the soil and plants with nutrients. Cucumber lashes rejuvenate, do not turn yellow and give cucumbers until September. And the added chalk successfully suppresses all types of cucumber rot and neutralizes the acidity of the soil. In addition, it protects plants from bug larvae. I regularly spray cucumbers with the resulting liquid once a week. I do this only in the evening, so that burns do not appear on the foliage from the rays of the sun. Moreover, in adult plants, I gently lift and turn over each lash, and with an ordinary broom, abundantly moistened in the infusion, I spray both the outer and inner surfaces of each leaf. Pests can crawl all over the plant, but they hide only from the back side. Excess liquid falls on the ground and additionally nourishes it. This simple but effective remedy, saturated with active substances, allows me to grow healthy cucumber bushes, without diseases and pests, and also prolongs fruiting period and improves the quality of vegetables.

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How to use onion peels as fertilizer

Ancient healers did not know the richest composition of onions, but on a whim they used it in the treatment of many ailments 4 thousand years ago. Potassium, phosphorus, zinc, iron, fluorine, iodine, organic acids, nitrogenous substances, vitamins, pectins, saponins, flavonoids - these are far from all the valuable components of a healthy vegetable that can provide a good service not only to the human body, but also to affect growth and the development of indoor and horticultural crops.


Carotene


The beneficial properties of this substance have long been established. It is noticed that carrots are a source of carotene. However, onion husks also contain sufficient quantities of it. For most plants, it is a powerful antioxidant that helps care for seedlings and increases the resistance of horticultural plantings to all kinds of diseases and pests. Experts recommend that they process balcony flowers that are in a gas-polluted environment. Among other things, carotene is a natural immune stimulant that helps to cope with the formation of free radicals. He is able to get rid of harmful microorganisms: rot, fungus, and so on. This element is considered biologically active and is located in the superficial onion scales. Each plant is endowed with phytoncides, which are a protective element. But onion peels are rich in them to a greater extent. For a garden or vegetable garden, this substance is needed in large quantities, as it effectively affects fungi and bacteria.

Vitamins "B"


Onions contain a large amount of B vitamins. Due to their high content, this vegetable is endowed with a healing effect. Therefore, infusions of onion scales are very useful. Gardeners and gardeners try to water plants with them at an early stage of growth, strengthening their stems, leaves, and also accelerating growth. Among other things, if the seedlings are watered with onion infusion, it will not be afraid of root rot.

Vitamins "PP" (nicotinic acid)


For the good processing of sulfur and nitrogen, vitamins of this group cannot be dispensed with, since this process is necessary for plants at any stage of growth. Oxidative reactions in most cases cannot occur without nicotinic acid. This substance helps in root formation. When growing crops on heavy soil, this is of great importance.


Onion husks and eggshells for vegetable garden and garden 9

Let's take a closer look at how to use onion skins and eggshells in gardening work.

The use of onion peels in the garden

Onion husks will not only help increase the yield of various crops, but will also have a positive effect on their quality. It will also help gardeners in the fight against plant pests, helping to preserve the harvest.

In order for the root crops to be perfectly stored throughout the long winter, it is necessary to lay them with dried husks when storing them for storage. This method helps to avoid contamination of vegetables with a fungus, moreover, with such a neighborhood, they lie better and do not rot. You can transfer onion peels not only vegetables, but also apples and pears. This method will help to increase their keeping quality.

Onion peel as fertilizer

Onion husk infusion is a complete and natural fertilizer for all plants, since it has been experimentally proven that it contains a full set of macro- and microelements. It is not difficult to prepare such an infusion. Pour a liter jar of onion husks with a bucket of boiling water and leave for 24 hours. The next day it can be used diluted with water in a 1: 5 ratio.

If the leaves of zucchini and cucumbers began to turn yellow prematurely, urgently take a solution and feed them the plants - the appearance of new, green leaves will not take long. In principle, any plants can be fed with this fertilizer.

When growing seedlings, onion husks are introduced into the soil, thereby disinfecting the ground and protecting future plants from damage by the "black leg."

Onion peels from pests

The same solution can be used to treat plants from aphids and spider mites. To do this, it is filtered and, without diluting with water, is poured into a sprayer. Spray all plants affected by aphids directly on the leaves and stems. For better adhesion of the solution, you can add liquid soap to it.

Treatment of plants with a solution of onion peels helps to heal them from such an unpleasant type of fungus as "black leg". Such processing should be carried out within a week and there will be no trace of the fungus. Onion husks applied under the ground in the autumn helps not only to destroy pests that have the habit of hibernating in the ground.

The only disadvantage of onion peel infusion is its short shelf life, every day it contains less and less nutrients.

Application in the egg shell garden

To begin with, it is worth collecting the shell only from raw eggs, since nothing useful remains in the boiled shell. Next, it needs to be dried and then ground into powder on a coffee grinder. After that, it is brought into the beds. On a note: the rate of decomposition in the soil, even of a ground shell, is very low, so it makes no sense to lay it entirely in the beds.

Eggshell as fertilizer

Usually, eggshells are brought under already grown plants, since, according to reviews of many gardeners, it slows down the growth of young seedlings. This was noticed when growing seedlings of peppers, eggplants and tomatoes.

In the garden, eggshell powder is used to reduce the acidity of the soil. For economical consumption, a handful of powder is poured directly into the planting hole. This application reduces the risk of kale disease. The crushed shells used when planting cauliflower acts as a top dressing, you do not need to apply other fertilizers.

Lack of calcium in tomatoes and peppers is expressed in the appearance of apical rot on the fruit. You can fill the lack of this nutrient with the help of powdered eggshells. Powder is sprinkled on the soil around the diseased plants.

Egg shells from garden pests

You can use the shell in the garden for pest control. The crushed shell is mixed with ash and sprinkled into the aisles and onto the beds. It helps in the fight against slugs.

And if you mix the shells ground in a meat grinder with vegetable asl and the Regent preparation, then this will help get rid of the bear.

The use of tea leaves in the garden

Throughout the winter, experienced gardeners collect and dry the tea leaves. Why is this done? Because it has long been known that it not only improves the structure of the soil, but also retains moisture well in it. But brewing is not a fertilizer.

Like any shredded plant residues, it decomposes rather quickly, just mix it with the soil. Ideally, when dormant tea is added to the soil along with ash.


1. Onion hulls for pest and disease control

Many gardeners add onion peels to the holes when planting potatoes - this is believed to help keep the tubers from the wireworm. Others use it when planting tomato seedlings - for the prevention of diseases. Any plants are sprayed with a decoction or infusion of onion peels to prevent diseases and control pests of horticultural crops.

For aphids, thrips, ticks, sawflies, small caterpillars and other sucking and gnawing pests infusion: 200 g of onion husks pour 1 liter of water, leave for 24 hours. Strain, squeeze the husk. Dilute the resulting infusion with water, bringing the volume of liquid to 10 liters, and spray any plants. Processing is carried out every 7-10 days.

Other infusion recipe: 200 g of husk per 10 liters of water, leave for 4-5 days. Use freshly prepared. Before spraying, you can add a little laundry soap to the solution so that the product sticks better to the leaves.


Decoctions and infusions are prepared from onion peels to combat pests and diseases

Decoction onion husks are used for preventive purposes - for watering and spraying seedlings, soaking potato tubers before planting. This treatment is believed to increase plant resistance to disease. Prepare the broth as follows: 1 glass of crushed husk is poured into 10 liters of water, brought to a boil. Insist under the lid for at least 6 hours, filter, and then immediately use. It is not recommended to store this product.

In the second half of summer, cucumbers often begin to turn yellow leaves. There may be many reasons for this, and this is not necessarily the effect of diseases or pests, but onion peels will help here too. Do decoction from 0.5 kg of husk and 10 liters of water (bring to a boil, remove from heat and leave under a lid for 12-14 hours). Strain the finished product, squeeze the husk, dilute the broth with water in a ratio of 1: 4. Spray the cucumber whips with the resulting liquid and shed the soil in the garden bed.

And for the prevention of rot, cucumbers are advised to process regularly throughout the season infusion of onion peel (Pour 2 cups of husk with 2 liters of boiling water, leave for 2 days, strain, dilute with cold water 1: 2).

The effectiveness of these folk remedies may cause doubts in someone. Like any drugs, they help in some situations and turn out to be useless in others. But preparing them is not difficult, the raw materials are available - so why not check?


Onion peel in Onion

In the garden, there is usually a lot of husk (after) me harvesting when selecting and sorting onions for storage. She's not very clean, Like. dusty time I use this in the garden pest control. All dust particles settle to the bottom of the earth when preparing infusions of decoctions or. The most important thing is to strain thoroughly, not to clog the sprayer.

Decoctions and infusions are good against aphids, meadow bugs, caterpillars of scoops, spider mites, drunks, sucker, moth, earwig For.

For the usual preparation of the infusion, take 200 g of onion husks, pour 10 liters of warm water, insist 4-5 then filter for days, use for spraying the fight against pests in plants. Treatments are carried out every 5 days every no more than three times.

Or another recipe: I fill a bucket with onion peel until it is poured, half 10 liters of hot water, I insist for a day, then filter it, dilute it 2 times with water, spray it with a solution of the plant.

To protect against the moth, I spray the apple tree with infusion immediately after the end of the Treatment. I repeat flowering every 7 days for a month.

When collecting onion skins, it is more practical to separate two parts of it - clean separately from spoiled dirty or. The first one will be used for medicinal cosmetic or purposes, and the second one will benefit the plants.

Take the onion husk, pour it with room water, insist, temperature for three days.The resulting infusion is diluted with water - it is sprayed or watered with plants.

pets you are in If you are steaming animal feed for a bird or, do not forget to throw there 1-2 handfuls of onion husks, and if you are not steaming the feed, then boil it or add a decoction or watering infusion with animals, especially poultry. It will only be beneficial.

A decoction of onion peels can be used as a food coloring in cooking, confectionery, and various drinks.


How not to do

In spring, especially dry, garlic needs watering. If you water it often and with a small amount of water, then the water will not be able to penetrate deep into the soil and will flow to those plants whose roots are in the upper layer of the soil. Water close to the surface of the earth will quickly evaporate and plants will suffer from a lack of water. Garlic will not be able to create a developed root system capable of consuming water from deeper layers.

In addition, water with a small amount of irrigation, the water simply does not reach deep layers. The plant will suffer from a lack of moisture and may die or dry out, significant harm will be done to it. With a large amount of water, you can be sure that the water penetrates deep into the soil and reaches the roots of the plant. In addition, in the spring, remember that you should not over-water the garlic, because this can lead to leaching of nutrients into the soil, where they will be inaccessible to the plant.

If the bed is mulched, then the number of waterings will be less

How often you water your garlic also depends on the type of soil in your garden.

Where the soil is light and permeable, it is necessary to water it more often than where it is clayey. In addition, water, seeping into the ground and falling into deeper layers, lingers in them for much longer. In this case, the root system of the garlic is formed in a different way, the roots will be longer, and will be able to draw water from the deeper layers of the soil. Having a light and sandy soil in the garden, to retain moisture, you can add manure or compost to it, you can mulch the soil, using various types of agrofibre for this. There are many varieties of hydrogels available - substances that help retain moisture in the soil and make it easier for plants to use. When watering, it is necessary to focus on the air temperature and the amount of precipitation.

At a temperature of 23-25 ​​degrees and when there is a little rain at times, it is necessary to water the garlic once every 8-10 days at the rate of 9-11 liters of water per square meter.

  • In the spring, on especially hot days, water (9-11 liters of water per square meter).
  • Break between watering 3-4 days.
  • No need to water on rainy days.

Say no to a strong jet of water

Often this pressure of water destroys and damages the thin stems and leaves of the plant. Although these lesions will seem and look very small and insignificant, they will significantly affect the formation of the future harvest. In addition, damaged leaves and stems of garlic can be additional sources of fungal infection.

Do not water the garlic with a strong stream.

Therefore, it is better to spend money once and buy a watering can and gently water the garlic plants under the root. The process is more laborious than simple watering with a hose, but the plants will answer you for it with gratitude, a healthy appearance and a bountiful harvest.

Watering with a thin stream of water takes a lot of time, which is not enough for us, but it is more beneficial for plants. In this case, it's time to think about a stationary or automatic irrigation system.

In addition, watering should be stopped 2-3 weeks before harvest.

Protect leaves from water

When watering plants, be careful not to water the leaves, but direct the stream of water to the ground closer to the roots, avoiding watering the green parts. Garlic is not particularly sensitive to such watering, but often wet leaves and high temperatures favor the development of fungal diseases.

During the ripening of the garlic, you can tie the leaves

Hot weather and watering

Often in spring the temperature rises to 28-30 degrees in the shade. Looking at the drooping leaves of garlic and other greenery in the garden, it seems to us that they need water right now. Novice gardeners unwind a garden hose and spray drip mist over their plantings, watering them abundantly. This is a typical mistake of gardeners, since watering in the heat is contraindicated.

Round drops of water on the leaves and stems of plants act as lenses in which the sun's rays are refracted and focused, causing severe burns in plants, leaving unhealed brown marks on the leaves and stems.

The best time to water garlic is evening

Such damage to the ground part of the plant is an open "gateway to infection" All kinds of pathogens - pathogens (bacteria, fungi) freely penetrate the plant, causing significant harm to it. In addition, at high temperatures, garlic regulates the flow of water and stores moisture without using it, which makes this irrigation even less effective.


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