Nerine: home care, reproduction and transplantation, types and photos


Houseplants Published: March 12, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Botanical description

Nerine (lat.Nerine) Is a bulbous plant numbering up to 30 species and belonging to the Amaryllis family.
This decorative bulbous perennial grows naturally in South Africa, as well as in its tropical zones. In countries with cool weather conditions, the nerine plant is grown indoors or on terraces, and in countries with more familiar weather conditions, it is grown outdoors, where it grows all year round.
The flowering period for nerine is early-mid-autumn. Leaves and flower stalk with inflorescence appear at the same time. The peduncle is long (up to 0.5 m), the leaves are dark green, rather long and narrow. The umbrella-shaped inflorescence has several funnel-shaped flowers. The flowers are red, white, orange or pink.

Briefly about growing

  • Bloom: in early or mid-autumn.
  • Lighting: bright diffused light.
  • Temperature: in spring and summer - 23-25 ​​ºC, after flowering and before the beginning of spring - 8-10 ºC.
  • Watering: during the growing season - regular, as the upper layer of the substrate dries, then watering is gradually stopped and resumed only when the bulbs begin to germinate.
  • Air humidity: usual.
  • Top dressing: a solution of mineral fertilizer for flowering plants: during flowering - once a week, after flowering until mid-spring - once a month, from May until the next flowering, no fertilizing is applied.
  • Rest period: after flowering, from late December to early February, and in mid-summer.
  • Transfer: it is better not to transplant, but annually change the top layer of the substrate in the pot. If necessary, the transplant is carried out in August. The bulb head is not buried during planting.
  • Substrate: ready-made soil for amaryllis or a substrate of equal parts of humus, turf and sand.
  • Reproduction: seeds and daughter bulbs.
  • Pests: aphid.
  • Diseases: rot of the bulbs.
  • Properties: the plant is poisonous!

Read more about growing nerin below.

Photo nerine

Caring for nerin at home

Lighting

From late autumn to early spring, the nerina plant needs bright diffused light, because at this time, the plant is still growing leaves.

Temperature

During the summer, nerine bulbs are stored at home in a dry place at a temperature of 23-25 ​​° C. After the end of flowering of nerine and before the beginning of spring, the temperature should be 8-10 ° C - at higher temperatures, the plant may not bloom the next year.

Watering nerine

After the end of the flowering of the indoor flower nerine, watering is reduced, by the spring they are reduced even more, after which they generally stop watering, until the new germination of the bulbs.

Top dressing

Top dressing is carried out with liquid fertilizers: once a week during flowering, twice a month after the end of flowering and until mid-spring, and from May until the new flowering, nerina is not fed.

Nerine transplant

The rest period is from May to August. At this time, homemade nerin is not fed, the temperature should be around 25 ° C. A new distillation of nerine begins in early August. When a bronze coating appears on the neck of the bulb, it means that the bulb is awakening. The bulb is planted in new soil and watering begins. A mixture of equal parts of sand, old clay and humus or compost soil with the addition of sand and bone meal is considered optimal. For 10 liters of such mixtures, it is necessary to add a little chalk, - which will reduce the acidity in the substrate, - 25 g of superphosphate and horn shavings, 8 g of potassium sulfate.

Landing

Nerine bulbs at home can be planted either one at a time or in pairs in one pot. The pots take a maximum of 13 cm in diameter, because too large a pot does not promote the growth of the bulb. The bulb is planted so that the head is not dug in. If the planting was correct, then in a month (maybe a little less) flower stalks and buds will appear. The buds may not open if rooting was done incorrectly.

Growing from seeds

The seeds are sown immediately after they are ripe. A mixture of sand and vermiculite is poured into the bowls, after which the seeds of indoor nerine are sown and the container with them is placed in a place with a temperature of 21-23 ° C. After a couple of weeks, seedlings will appear, which dive into the earthen mixture (read above) and keep at a temperature of 16-18 ° C in a place with bright but diffused light. For three years, young nerines are cultivated without a dormant period.

Virulence

After working with a houseplant, nerina needs to wash her hands. the plant is poisonous.

Diseases and pests

Nerina is rotting. Watering the nerine bulbs planted after a dormant period should be done carefully to avoid decay.

Nerine pests. It is rarely damaged by pests, but aphids can be affected.

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Nerine bowdenii

In nature, it lives in South Africa. The bulb reaches a length of 5 cm and more than half is above the ground. The outer scales are shiny, light brown, dry. The leafy sheaths are long, forming a 5 cm false stem. Leaves are linear (tapering towards the top), slightly grooved, up to 30 cm long, up to 2.5 cm wide, shiny, covered with veins. The inflorescence has the shape of an umbrella, grows on a 45-centimeter peduncle, there are no leaves. The inflorescence has an inflorescence leaf that turns pink with age. There are up to 12 flowers in an inflorescence; tepals are pink with a darker line, twisted. The flowering period is mid-autumn.

Nerine flexuosa / Nerine flexuosa

The plant is quite rare. Peduncles are long, inflorescences consist of white or pink flowers, similar to bells, wavy petals. The flowering period is autumn.

Nerine curvifolia

Leaves are linear-lanceolate, reaching their maximum length only after the end of flowering. The peduncle grows up to 40 cm long. On the umbrella-shaped inflorescence, up to 12 flowers similar to lilies are collected - the petals are red, shiny, the stamens are long.

Nerine sarniensis

Flowers grow at the top of the peduncle - orange, red or white; the petals are narrow and curled.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Amaryllidaceae family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Bulbous flowers Amaryllid plants on N


Campanula

Campanula flower is a herbaceous plant of the Bellflower family. The plant is quite ancient, and its original deposit is considered to be the Mediterranean. Campanula is considered to be a symbol of family happiness in the house. In modern times, bells are cultivated in Asia, Europe, the Caucasus and even in parts of North America.

Campanula takes root well in a wide variety of areas (forest plantations, meadows, etc.). Rocky areas are no exception, as Campanula can be found even on the slopes of the Alpine Mountains.

Due to the shape of the inflorescence, the name of this beautiful flower is translated as "bell". The plant reaches no more than half a meter in height, and the color of campanula flowers varies from snow-white to purple. Usually, light green shoots of campanula hang down under their own weight.


Varieties of nerine with a photo

About three dozen basic perennial varieties have been described. Those of them that are grown in European culture do not have cardinal differences in terms of care or thermophilicity.

Nerine Bowden

South African plant with 5-centimeter adult bulbs, covered on the outside with shiny, dry brownish scales. Elongated leaves grow from the sheath, which simultaneously forms a tall false peduncle stem. Closer to the apex, the leaves are slightly narrowed, have an unexpressed groove along the entire length. With a length of 30 cm, their width is no more than 2.5 cm. The leaf plate is smooth, veined. A tall peduncle produces one inflorescence leaf, which gradually becomes pink in color as it blooms. Each inflorescence bears 10-12 pink buds with a darker contrasting stripe.

Nerine twisting

Also grown indoors, but quite rare with a bulb not exceeding 4 cm in diameter. The peduncle is very high. In nature, it can reach 90 cm. Simultaneously with the opening buds of a pale pink or white color, up to seven narrow and long leaves appear simultaneously from the bulb. The flowers are bell-shaped.

Nerina curved

The bulb is larger, up to 6 cm, ovoid. It differs from other varieties by a more voluminous leaf rosette with an increased number of leaves. In length, they can reach half a meter. The inflorescence is colored in a scarlet tone. The petals are long, shiny, curled, long stamens are located in the center of the corolla.

Nerine sarneiskaya

The native land of the species is the Cape Province of the South African continent. Often grown as a houseplant. The bulb is medium in size, elongated. The leaf plates are almost straight, no more than 30 cm. The forcing of leaves is late, they begin to grow almost after flowering ends. The inflorescence is multi-colored, up to 20 rich cherry-colored buds can bloom on one copy, their size is smaller than that of other varieties. There are three most popular varieties of this variety.

  • Sarnean Corusca. Inflorescences are large, scarlet, elongated leaves are marked with a dark stripe in the center.
  • Plantini Baker. Has a peduncle longer than usual, blooms in red-brown or cherry color, petals are long, needle-like.
  • Venasta Baker. An early flowering variety with medium-sized flowers. The petals are slightly curved, crescent-shaped.

Nerina is low

Another variety suitable for growing as an indoor flower at home. Peduncles no higher than 30 cm, dark foliage, emerges from the bulb and begins to grow from the very beginning of flowering. The flowers are medium in size, numerous, their color can be pale pink or red. The petals are wavy, wrinkled.

Important! All parts of nerine are poisonous and pose a danger to humans and animals. When working with a plant, it is necessary to provide the necessary protection and work with gloves. The flower should be placed out of the reach of children and pets.


Where to plant and how to care

Fittonia is suitable for a place not far from the window, with a slight partial shade, since she does not like either direct rays, or darkness and thick shade. Dry air in winter cold can have a bad effect on the plant, so it is better to keep the pot with Fittonia as far away from the battery as possible. Window sills of western and eastern windows are well suited. The plant may be located in the north, but in the south - with shading in the summer. In winter, it can be additionally illuminated with fluorescent lamps.

Temperature regime

Fittonia loves warmth, so even in winter it should not be colder than 18 ° C, and in summer it should not be colder than 20 ° C. A temperature of about 25 ° C is perfect, and ideally, 22-24 ° C should be kept all year round. Fittonia does not like drafts with contrasting temperature drops, so you cannot even take it out on the balcony.

How to water and feed

Since Fittonia comes from the tropics, it loves moisture and needs good watering, especially in summer. The earth should not dry out. In winter, watering is slightly reduced, it should be moderate, especially if it is cool. It is imperative to ensure that no water stagnation occurs. If the heating is centralized, it is better to place Fittonia on a pallet with wet expanded clay or moss. Terrariums are also suitable.

Water for irrigation should be soft and settled. It should not be forgotten that through rather large leaves this plant actively gives off moisture, so there should always be water, but so that the roots do not rot.

The plant is fed with liquid fertilizers from the fourth to the eighth month of the year, every two or three weeks, but you should be careful with this, since an excess of fertilizer has a bad effect on Fittonia. It is better to make its concentration lower (half as much as for ordinary indoor plants).

Transplant and reproduction

Fittonia is transplanted in the spring, preferably every year, and renewed every two to three years. To make it look magnificent, the shoots are pinched for intensive branching. The shoots hanging over the edge are cut off by the scissors should be sharp.

For planting, a soil option is taken with two parts of turf, two peat and one sand, drainage is required. It should be planted in wide pots up to 5-7 cm deep: the wider, the better the flower will look.

Reproduction is easy, by cutting off the apical cutting and rooting in a warm place in the sand. It can also germinate in water. It is good to plant a few in a wide pot, so the contents of the pot will look chic.

Fittonia bush can be divided and planted, can be propagated by layering of the stem. The stem without leaves should be covered with earth.

Dangers and pests

Fittonia is very gentle, she needs care and attentive care. Of the pests, thrips, living on young leaves and inflorescences, are very fond of it. They take up cell sap, leaving small yellow spots. If a problem occurs, you need to treat it with an actelik.

In addition, the harmful fittonia lovers are red spider mites that breed in warm and dry air. In this case, the plant is also treated with actellik.

Mealybug, if it occurs, is treated with soapy water (20 g per liter), and within 5-10 days, two to three times with actellik.

  • The ends of the leaves are brown and dry, slow growth indicates dry air or red spider mites.
  • Leaves curl up and look wilted, and lowered rods indicate insufficient watering.
  • The yellow-brown ends of the leaves indicate a lack or excess of minerals.
  • When stretching the stems and reducing the leaves, the plant should be rearranged where there is more light, with loss of color - on the contrary, where there is less.
  • If the stems are lethargic and rotten, then the plant has too much moisture and a low temperature of content.


Background information, botanical description

Cissus (from the Greek kissos - ivy) is a tropical perennial or deciduous vine with climbing shoots up to 5 m of the grape family. The genus includes about 350 forms, mainly wild. The following types are adapted to indoor floriculture:

  • Rhombic (Cissius rhombofolia). It is this species that is called birch. A fast-growing evergreen liana with thin shoots grows up to 2 m per year. The leaves are serrated, of three diamond-shaped lobes, the lower part of the plates is red-pubescent, like forked antennae. Light green flowers form racemose inflorescences. Rhombic cissus does not form an ovary in a closed ground, but when pollinated, it will surprise with tassels of small red berries.
Diamond-shaped
  • Antarctic (Cissus antarctica). It received the name for its frost resistance up to +5 ° C, the nickname "indoor grapes" - for the similarity of leaves with grapes. Curly evergreen liana with rusty-pubescent shoots, serrated ovate leaves, twisted tendrils and light green flowers, collected in miniature corymbose inflorescences. The obverse of the serrated leaves of the Antarctic cissus is glossy, dark green, the reverse is light, pubescent.
Antarctic
  • Bicolor or multi-colored (Cissus discolor).Differs in decorativeness, whimsicality, fragile root system. Deciduous liana with climbing branches reaches 5 m. Green ellipse leaves are decorated with burgundy-brown stripes, gray stains on the front side, and purple-burgundy on the back. The flowers of the bicolor cissus are small, yellow-green.
Bicolor
  • Quadrangular or cactus (Cissus quadrangularis). Stem succulent, an evergreen perennial with thick ribbed lobes resembles a cactus. Tetrahedral shoots 1 cm thick are connected in long vines. Twisted antennae and small lobed leaves are attached at the articulation points. Inflorescences are rounded, located in internodes.
Quadrangular

Glandular cissus, round-leaved, amazonica, succulents of Baynez, Jutta are not widespread in room culture.


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