Potato Breeze - Belarusian variety for the pros


Breeze is a Belarusian potato variety, the leader in its homeland in terms of area occupied. It is fruitful, gives large tubers, under one bush there are up to 15 of them. When cooking potatoes do not crumble into porridge, but only crack. One of the main troubles is that it is not zoned for all regions of Russia.

The history of potato cultivation Breeze

The variety was bred in the Minsk region, the village of Samokhvalovichi. Here is the Scientific and Practical Center for Potato and Vegetable Growing, the employees of which became the creators of the Breeze. The potatoes entered the variety trials in Russia in 2006, in 2009 they were entered in the State Register of Breeding Achievements.

According to the observations of specialists, Belarusian potatoes take root only in the climate of the central zone of the Russian Federation. Tests by the State Variety Commission have only partially confirmed this; the variety has been approved for cultivation in the North-West and Central Black Earth Region. The breeze attracted the interest of local amateur vegetable growers and farmers. They began to import it from Belarus in tons for breeding and sale.

Belarusian potatoes are ordered not only by large-scale enterprises, but also by farms. For example, a farm from the Pskov region recently purchased 3 tons of potatoes of the Skarb, Breeze and Lileya varieties.

In Belarus itself, Breeze is so productive that in 2017 it became the leader in terms of occupied space. In our country with a variety of climatic and light zones, the variety has spread widely only in the European part and is little known beyond the Urals.

Many varieties can be advised - "Zvezdochka", "Vlastin", "Manifest", "Source", "Bogatyr", "Lad", "Zhuravinka", now "Breeze" is taking the first place in terms of area.

Description of the Breeze variety

Breeze bushes are of medium height, semi-spreading, leaves are large. Potatoes bloom with purple corollas with a red tint. Medium early variety, ripens in about 100 days. Early tuberization, that is, the bulk of the crop is laid already in the first half of the growing season. The tubers grow oval in shape with small eyes, their skin and flesh are yellow in color.

Potato tubers Breeze yellow on the cut

The mass of one potato in the field is 97–154 g, with individual care with watering and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers - it is larger. The yield is 40 t / ha, 1.5–2.3 kg or more are harvested from the bush on personal plots. The breeze is resistant to cancer and viral diseases (rolling leaves, mosaics), does not get scab, is moderately susceptible to late blight, but is affected by golden nematodes. The variety is characterized by a long dormant period, which has a positive effect on keeping quality and indicates the need for germination before planting.

The starch content in tubers is 10-15.8%. Breeze's appointment is a dining room. It is purchased by food companies for the production of French fries and frozen vegetable mixes. In home cooking, potatoes are suitable for soups, winter salads, mashed potatoes, they can be fried and stewed.

Features of planting and care

Because of the long dormant period of the tubers, start to "wake up" (germinate) a month before planting, otherwise the seedlings will have to wait a long time. Arrange the potatoes in 1-2 layers in a bright room with a temperature of about +20 ° C. Flip them over once a week and spray with clean water.

The main feature in the cultivation of Breeze is the prevention and control of the potato nematode. Nematodes are microscopic worms that settle on roots and suck the juices out of them. The infected bush lags behind in growth, its leaves turn yellow and fall off starting from the lower ones. Gradually, the plant dries up completely. Tubers are tied small or none at all.

Golden nematodes live inside cysts - formations on the roots in the form of small yellow balls. Throughout the warm season, the pests actively reproduce, winter on tubers or in the ground, on the remnants of roots, and the next year they affect not one bush, but a dozen. From year to year, foci of infection grow exponentially: from one bush to an entire field.

Roots infested with golden nematode cysts

For the prevention and control of golden potato nematode:

  • Observe the crop rotation. The breeze cannot be grown in the same place every year.
  • In autumn and spring, before germination, wash the seed tubers with warm water (about 36–40 ° C).
  • Deceive pests: before planting potatoes, sow or plant in the field plants from the cruciferous and aster family (white mustard, tagetis, tansy, etc.). Their roots secrete substances that attract nematodes. Insects will come out of hibernation ahead of schedule and die, since there is no food (potatoes) yet.
  • Dig up the ground in autumn, the nematodes will be on the surface and freeze out.
  • During digging, add crushed stems and flowers of calendula, marigolds, sweet clover to the ground.
  • If the potatoes are already heavily contaminated, use chemicals: BI-58, Nemabakt, Nematicide.
  • Renew the variety every 4-5 years by growing mini tubers from seed.

Another feature of Breeze is that it is responsive to mineral fertilizers and growth stimulants containing a complex of macro- and microelements. In the spring, before planting in the ground, add on 1 m²: 20-30 g of superphosphate and potassium sulfate, as well as 15-20 g of urea or ammonium nitrate. Treat tubers before sowing using the following preparations: Compliment-potato, Nanoplant, Ecosil, Polikom-potato, etc. The landing pattern for Breeze is 70x30 cm. The planting depth of tubers on light sandy soils and chernozem is 10 cm, on loam - 8 cm.

The above fertilizers and stimulants are also applied as top dressing, you can use any other for potatoes or vegetables available in stores (Fertiku, Gumi-Omi, Chistaya leaf, etc.). Do the first top dressing when the tops are 20 cm high, the second - during budding. During the same periods, treat potatoes with fungicides to prevent fungal diseases (HOM, Skor, Horus, etc.).

As the first feeding, I bring in an infusion of nettle or bird droppings. And when the buds appear, at the very beginning of flowering, I water with a solution of a purchased complex fertilizer with a predominance of potassium in the composition. This element is required for laying tubers. If the weather is unfavorable (cold, heat) or the potatoes are "sick", beetles attacked, then, in addition to spraying with pesticides, I do the treatment with Energen growth stimulant in capsules.

High hilling is recommended for the breeze twice before closing the rows. A 25 cm high damp earth mound promotes the growth and maturation of large tubers. In addition, it is believed that hilling reduces the risk of blight by late blight by 2–5 times.

High hilling is recommended for the breeze twice a season

Start harvesting when the tubers are ripe. The skin on them should be tight, not scraped off with the pads of the fingers. Collect seed material only from healthy and productive bushes. Before sending for storage, be sure to rinse them in a warm solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulphate (10 g per 10 liters of water) and plant greenery.

Video: advice from biologists for growing potatoes

Reviews of gardeners about Breeze potatoes

Breeze is a productive potato for professional cultivation in the Central Black Earth and North-West regions of the Russian Federation. The cultivar requires protection against golden nematodes and late blight. It is responsive to the application of mineral fertilizers and stimulant treatments.

[Votes: 1 Average: 2]


Potatoes "Krepysh" refers to an early variety. It takes up to 80 days from the moment the planting material is planted in the ground to its full maturation. In 2005, it was entered into the State Register of the Russian Federation. Recommended to grow in the Central Region. It also quickly spread to Moldova and Ukraine.

The main advantage of the variety is its high yield. From one hectare, the maximum harvest is 482 centners of root crops. Derived for table use. Due to its high taste, it is ideal for all types of heat treatment. During cooking, it does not crumble and does not darken. Ideal for frying, making chips and French fries.

"Krepysh" tolerates high temperatures and low humidity well. It is ideal to grow in areas where perennial grasses, legumes and grains used to be. Also an ideal location after growing flax.

Potato bushes are quite leafy, belong to the intermediate type. Medium-sized plant, the height reaches 60 centimeters. The sheets are medium in size and have wavy edges. It blooms in lilac-red color.

Root crops have an oval, oblong shape. The sparse location of the eyes, their average depth. The peel is yellow, very smooth. Creamy pulp contains up to 12% starch. The weight of 1 potato is up to 105. Up to 15 tubers can form on one bush.


Productivity and main characteristics

From emergence to harvesting tubers, 60-80 days pass. According to the characteristics, the ripening period of potatoes Breeze is a medium-early variety. Characteristics of the aboveground part:

  • average height
  • semi-spreading bushes
  • medium tops
  • leaves are dark green, wide, slightly wavy
  • the flowers are purple with a red tint.

Tuber weight 100-160 g. They have a regular, oval shape, covered with a smooth pale yellow skin. Many eyes of medium depth. The cut flesh is yellow. The color is preserved during cooking.

The average yield of the Breeze variety is 450-600 c / ha. In one nest, 8-12 tubers are formed. The product yield is 80-98%. The tubers do not deteriorate during long-term transportation. With long-term storage, up to 97% of the yield is preserved. Pulp composition:

  • reducing sugars - 0.21%
  • dry matter - 20.1%
  • starch - 12-16%.

The purpose of the variety is universal. Breeze tubers can be used to make French fries, chips, quick freeze. Fried and boiled potatoes taste great. International tasters gave it 7 points.


Potatoes Empress - description of the variety with reviews and photos, characteristics and features of cultivation

Potatoes are an amazing plant. It is included in the first and second courses - that's understandable. Used in baked goods: casseroles, baked potatoes, okay too. But starch is obtained from potatoes, which is added to jelly, and this is a dessert. Starch is used in cakes and cookies, and alcohol is also obtained from it. He has a wide range of applications! So it turns out that potatoes provide food, drink, and energy. If there is something to apply, then there is always something to offer, which is why there are so many varieties of potatoes. Relatively recently, another new variety has appeared - Empress. It's time to find out how it is planted and what it is eaten with.

Description of potato variety Empress

The originator of the Empress variety is the Russian breeding and seed company "SeDeK". The variety has not yet entered the State Register, but is actively cultivated.

Empress - early ripe potatoes: 55–65 days pass from planting to harvest. Forms compact bushes. The nests form 7-10 even, oblong tubers weighing 70-145 g.

The variety is fruitful, with proper care, 300-400 centners per hectare are harvested. Marketability 91%.

The Empress variety ripens quickly: two or three warm months are enough for it, so potatoes are suitable for growing in almost any climatic zone.

The eyes are shallow, shallow. The peel is yellow, the flesh is yellowish cream. Starch content in Empress potatoes: 14-16%. Purpose of the dining room. Differs in good, up to 95%, keeping quality.

Empress potatoes are distinguished by excellent taste and an almost regular shape of tubers

Many people note the bright taste of this variety. The pulp does not boil much during cooking, therefore they use potatoes in salads, in main courses, when frying.

Landing rules

Preferred growing regions are not indicated as the variety adapts to soil and climate. You can plant anywhere, regardless of the type of soil.

Potatoes are planted in rows with an interval of 60–70 cm, the distance between the holes should be about 30–35 cm. Gardeners sometimes change these ratios depending on the condition of the soil and taking into account their own experience.

When planting potatoes, it is advisable to choose tubers of only one variety, since different hybrids form bushes of different heights. When varieties are mixed, low bushes are suppressed by more powerful plants. To get a good harvest, you also need:

  • weed out
  • loosen the surface layer of the soil
  • provide watering during flower formation
  • hilling at least three times per season.

Most often, weeds have to be fought before the emergence of seedlings and the formation of a bush.

It takes a long time from the moment of planting the tubers to the appearance of the first leaves, so it is necessary to loosen the soil and remove weeds in order to improve air penetration to the roots and provide future tubers with nutrients. At the same time, some gardeners note that the Empress potatoes are unpretentious, caring for them does not require significant effort.

It is known that the Empress potato is resistant to potato nematode, late blight. Drought tolerant.

Video: planting Empress potatoes in the furrows

Features of growing from seeds

Growing potatoes from seeds significantly increases the yield and quality of tubers

When planting potatoes with tubers, gardeners often complain about the deterioration of the harvest from year to year. It is not surprising, because when planting in this way it is impossible to trace which generation of the root crop gets into the soil.

It is known that even if only the best tubers are used as seed material during planting, by the seventh sowing potatoes degenerate, are affected by various viral diseases, and lose their taste.

The first crop (mini-tubers) grown from seed is called the first generation.... Subsequent generations are obtained vegetatively - tubers. During vegetative reproduction, there is no renewal of the genetic material, which is the cause of degeneration.

Therefore, it is necessary to periodically use, in addition to the vegetative organs, seeds, which will improve the quality of the harvest obtained, increase productivity, and restore resistance to diseases.

Among other things, mini-tubers are compact in comparison with ordinary ones, and therefore are convenient for storage and transportation.

The crop grown from potato mini-tubers has a bright taste

To obtain a crop of potatoes with pronounced varietal characteristics, tubers of the second, third or fourth generation are planted. This is the elite of the grade. You can buy them, but these tubers are expensive and there is a danger that the name "elite" does not correspond to the content, it all depends on the reliability of the supplier.

The Empress variety is recommended to be planted with seeds. This is a troublesome task, but with patience and a certain perseverance, you can not think about renewing the seed for five or six years.

Video: getting seedlings from potato seeds

Potatoes for seedlings are sown in April. This requires:

  1. Pre-soak potato seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate for 20-40 minutes and dry.
  2. Pour a soil-moisture mixture consisting of peat, turf, humus and sand in a ratio of 3: 1: 2: 1 into a plastic container.
  3. Tamp the soil mixture tightly.
  4. Moisten well with Epin's solution to improve germination.
  5. Spread the seeds carefully in an even layer.
  6. Sprinkle them lightly with soil.

The optimum temperature for germinating seeds is 20–25 ° C. The first shoots appear in 3 weeks.Gardeners, who have been propagating potatoes with seeds for several years, note that with a lack of light, the seedlings stretch out. Therefore, it is necessary to place the containers in a well-lit place.

Some gardeners offer seeds to first germinate and only then plant.

Video: preparing seeds for planting

No matter how the seeds are prepared, with or without preliminary soaking, in the phase of 2-3 true leaves, the seedlings dive and transplant into separate containers. Most often these are plastic cups with holes made at the bottom.

In mid-May, seedlings are planted in open ground. The resulting mini-tubers are stored in order to get their own super-elite potatoes with the maximum disease resistance and the most pronounced taste for the next year.

Growing tips

  1. Sometimes it is possible to get an additional crop in the fall, if you carefully dig up the first tubers in June-July. The tops remain green until autumn and stand for a long time.
  2. Some gardeners note that excess moisture is undesirable for the variety. In general, the Empress is considered an unpretentious variety.

Reviews about the potato variety Empress

Not all reviews of the Empress variety are unambiguous.

The fact that the Empress potatoes do not have regions of admission says a lot. This variety, according to its characteristics, is able to grow, give a bountiful and tasty harvest both in cold short summers, and in the south, in the absence of rain. Perhaps this variety was named Empress, suggesting future expansion into the fields.


Origin

Variety "Chugunka" refers to the outstanding examples of national selection. Not included in the State Register of the Russian Federation, but is widespread among amateur gardeners and is grown in different regions. Among the ancestors of the potato is the famous Sineglazka, the tubers are actively used for breeding work.

The variety is suitable for growing in private subsidiary farms, as well as on small farms. Potatoes are not suitable for industrial cultivation. The variety is planted in areas with a temperate and warm climate, the bushes can easily tolerate short-term drought.

With long-term use of the same seed, potatoes degenerate. To increase the mass of tubers and increase yields, it is recommended to periodically renew the tubers for planting.


Description of the potato variety Zhuravinka, cultivation and yield

In 2005, Belarusian breeders registered Zhuravinka potatoes. The new variety turned out to be very successful, not inferior in quality and yield to many Dutch varieties. Potatoes are officially approved for cultivation in the Volgo-Vyatka, Central and Northwest regions.

General characteristics of the variety:

  • mid-late
  • high marketable yield (177–242 kg / ha)
  • medium tubers (90-140 g), oval-round, with small eyes, red
  • tasty, crumbly, with a high starch content (14.6-19.6%)
  • the flesh is yellowish, does not darken for a long time in the air
  • suitable for the production of chips
  • excellent keeping quality (93%)
  • disease resistant
  • high marketability (83–96%).

In reality, this variety is successfully cultivated in most regions of the country.

Growing

Popularly, this potato variety is often called Zhuravushka. Bushes rarely form fruits, therefore Zhuravinka is rarely cultivated from seeds.

The variety is medium late and not suitable for growing early young potatoes in seedlings. Peculiarities of Zhuravinka cultivation are caused by increased tuberization.

Seed material

Seed material is taken of medium size with no signs of disease. Large potatoes can be cut and dried 2-3 days before planting. It is optimal to choose tubers weighing 80–100 g. Experienced vegetable growers mark the strongest, healthiest bushes even at the growing stage and take future seed material from them.

It is useful to "green up" the seed tubers, for this, before storing them for a week, they are kept open to diffused sunlight.

It is better to store the selected potatoes separately from the rest of the vegetables and treat them with fungicides before laying them (the preparation "Maxim").

25-30 days before planting, the tubers are sorted out and treated with a nutrient composition: 10 g of boric acid and 2 g of copper sulfate are stirred in 10 liters of water and sprayed.

Tubers are scattered in one layer in a bright and warm place. After germination, the seed is sorted out again, sifting out potatoes with weak sprouts and signs of disease.

Site preparation

Potatoes are planted in a sunny area with neutral soil saturated with humus, no more than once every 4 years. Since autumn, the entire area is fertilized with manure and dug up. In the spring, the site is re-dug shallowly, compost, biohumus, and mineral fertilizers are added to the beds. In heavy soils, loosening components are introduced: straw, sawdust, peat, sand.

If there is a likelihood of infection with a potato nematode, it is useful to sow the area with winter rye in the fall, and in May dig up all the seedlings deeply.

After harvesting potatoes, it is better to immediately sow the soil with lupines, legumes, buckwheat. In the fall, all the seedlings are dug up. The farmers' comments on this "green" fertilizer are very enthusiastic. The soil structure is noticeably improved, it is saturated with organic matter and the balance of nutrients is restored.

Many vegetable growers practice planting in the aisles of potatoes plants that repel the Colorado potato beetle: beans, spinach, coriander, tansy, calendula.

Planting and hilling

Potato variety Zhuravinka is demanding on the volume of free soil for each bush. If the rows are placed too close to each other, the tubers will crawl out to the surface due to lack of space.

The recommended layout for this variety is 30 × 80. Planting times are different for each region, varying from late April to mid-May. It is important that young seedlings do not catch the last frost.

A week after planting, the potato beds are shallowly loosened to provide sufficient oxygen to the tubers.

When the seedlings reach 10-14 cm, the first hilling is carried out. If there are dry and hot days, a couple of days before that, the beds are watered so that the soil is soft and loose. Sprouts can be safely sprinkled with earth, leaving only the tops of the leaves. This will help the bushes to form more additional stolons on which the tubers will then tie. After 2 weeks, hilling is repeated.

Description of the plant

Semi-erect bushes Zhuravinka usually reach medium size (50–55 cm), have medium-sized, slightly wavy leaves of a dark green color. The plant has a small corolla of reddish-purple color, rarely sets fruit. Tubers are red-pink in color with a rough skin.

Disease resistance

Description of the variety from the Belarusian originators of Zhuravinka potatoes characterizes it as resistant to many common diseases:

  • golden cyst nematode
  • common scab
  • potato cancer
  • blackleg
  • viruses X, M, S

The variety has a weak resistance to late blight of tubers and leaves, rhizoctonia, L, Y viruses.

Watering

Watering the potatoes before tubers begin to form should be moderate. Usually, precipitation still falls frequently at this time. The bushes begin to bloom simultaneously with the formation of tubers. From this moment on, the watering of the potato beds Zhuravinki is increased, the soil moisture is kept in the range of 80–85%. This is a prerequisite for the normal growth of tubers.

Fertilizing

The multi-tuber variety Zhuravinka requires increased nutrition and organic-rich soils, but it does not tolerate excess nitrogen very well. Root feeding is carried out in the evening after watering before hilling and during flowering.

In 10 liters of water, 1 liter of mullein or dung is diluted and 2 tablespoons of superphosphate are added. 1 liter of fertilizer solution is poured under each bush.

It is useful to carry out foliar feeding before flowering. For this, the bushes are sprayed in the evening with a solution of 10 liters of water and 300 g of urea. Can be replaced with infusion of 100 g of ash in a bucket of water.

Harvest

Two weeks before the planned harvesting of potatoes, the tops are mowed and harvested outside the site. During this time, the tubers form a thicker and coarser skin.

When harvesting, such tubers are less injured, they are better stored and contact of tubers with possibly infected tops is excluded. For harvesting, it is better to choose a dry, sunny day. The dug out potatoes are dried for 3-4 hours under the sun.

When harvesting in rainy weather, the tubers are dried for a week under a canopy.

Storage

Before laying for storage, all tubers are carefully sorted out. Potatoes with mechanical damage, signs of disease, too small to be put aside for fast consumption. The healthiest medium-sized tubers are selected in separate planting boxes for the next season.

The rest of the potatoes are stored in a ventilated basement at a temperature of 2-3 ° C. Relative humidity should be 80–85%, for seed it is better than 90–95%.

A month before laying for storage, the room is treated with an antiseptic: 400 g of bleach is dissolved in 10 liters of water, defended and the structures are sprayed with a liquid without sediment.

Taste and reviews

Many vegetable growers and potato lovers liked the crane. The yellowish flesh has a pleasant potato sweetness, suitable for making delicious mashed potatoes and frying.

The high starch content makes Zhuravinka nutritious and rich in flavor. Peeled tubers do not darken for a long time in the air. In industry, this variety is used in the production of chips.

Potatoes lie well and do not lose their taste during the entire storage period.

Reviews of vegetable growers about the cultivation of Zhuravinka are most often positive. The variety continues to gain popularity every season. Vegetable growers note an excellent yield, each bush stably lays 15–20 tubers. With timely watering and feeding, almost all potatoes reach marketable size. Smooth oval-rounded reddish tubers have a high marketability.


Video

Digging of potatoes of the Gala variety in the farm of LLC Agrofirma Slavyansky Potato

Recipe: Boiled Potatoes

  • Gala potatoes - 1 kg
  • Butter - 30-40 g
  • Salt to taste
  • Greens - dill, parsley.

  1. Peel potatoes. Cut very coarse into several pieces.
  2. Rinse, cook.
  3. After the start of the boil, cook the potatoes for 15-20 minutes. (check like this: pierce a potato tuber with a knife, if it enters easily, then it's done!)
  4. Gently drain the water, put the butter in the potatoes, cover with a lid and mix gently by shaking the pan.
  5. Sprinkle with herbs on top and cover again for 3 minutes - so that the butter melts completely and the potatoes absorb the aroma of the herbs.

Ratings: 1 (5,00 out of 5)

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