17 best sea buckthorn varieties


More recently, many believed that sea buckthorn is wild berry, mostly growing on the territory of Siberia... But modern scientists have bred a huge number of varieties that are distinguished by increased taste, large size and other positive characteristics, growing both in the Urals and in the Moscow region.

The largest fruits are produced by the Essel variety. Lack of thorns speaks about the safety of working with a plant, such qualities can boast of the varieties Velikan, Solnechnaya and many others. The most productive the Botanical variety is considered, it is very often used on an industrial scale. Increased winter hardiness the variety Trofimovskaya, Golden Cob and Dar Katun are distinguished. In this article, we will take a closer look at the description of these varieties.

The largest varieties of sea buckthorn, description

Sea buckthorn, growing in the wild, bears fruits weighing 0.2-0.3 grams, the weight of berries of cultivated plants is 0.5 grams. But there are varieties that are capable of producing fruits, the mass of which reaches 1.5 grams.

Openwork

This tree has a beautiful, spreading crown, there are no thorns on the branches. The fruits are bright orange in color, resembling a cylinder in their shape. The weight of one berry reaches 1 gram. Sea buckthorn of this variety ripens early and gives a bountiful harvest.... It is resistant to frost, drought and many fungal diseases.

Augustine

Fruits of this variety weigh about 1.1 grams, are orange in color and ovoid in shape. The fruits are collected in loose clusters, which greatly simplifies the process of their collection.... A small number of thorns are present on the shoots. Sea buckthorn ripens early, 16-18 kilograms of harvest are harvested from one adult tree.

Elizabeth

A shrub with a neat, compact crown that does not require lengthy pruning. On average, the berries weigh 0.9 grams, have a sweet and sour taste with light hints of pineapple. Fruits grow on long stalks, easily detachable from the brush, ripen at a later date... Among other things, the variety is distinguished by high winter hardiness and resistance to pest attacks.

Essel

The variety is a novelty of Siberian breeding. Berries have excellent characteristics, their weight reaches 1.2 grams, oval shape, sweet taste, dessert. Fruits ripen in August, are characterized by weak attachment to the brush.

The best varieties of thornless sea buckthorn

Sea buckthorn without thorns is one of the most important discoveries of breeders. These plants are safe for the grower and are much easier to care for and harvest.

Giant

The variety can be sold as a shrub or as a tree. Has a conical crown without thorns, reaches a height of 3.5 meters... The fruits are bright orange in color, cylindrical in shape, grow on a short stalk, have a sweet and sour taste and are large in size.

Sunny

A large shrub with a spreading crown, the safety of the variety ensures the absence of thorns. Amber-colored fruits reach 0.7 grams by weight, have a pleasant sweet taste and increased oiliness.

Altai

There are practically no thorns on the neat crown. The fruits ripen at the end of August, weighing an average of 0.7 grams. Have a pleasant sweet taste with a light pineapple aroma... Berries are distinguished by light, dry separation from the stalk.

Friend

A medium-sized shrub with a slightly spreading crown. The shoots of the plant are straight and thin, there are no thorns on them. Leaves are shiny, light green with light pubescence. The fruits are large in size, their weight can reach 1 gram, the shape is oval, the color is rich orange... The taste of the berries is sweet and sour; they can be used both for fresh consumption and for various types of processing.

The most productive varieties

Recently bred sea buckthorn varieties are endowed with the highest yield. From one bush, you can collect up to 18 kilograms of fruit, instead of the previous 5-6 kilograms.

Botanical

The variety is often used commercially, with proper care, up to 20 kilograms of harvest can be harvested from one 5-year-old tree... The fruits are large in size, red-orange in color and have a pleasant, juicy taste. The berries are easily separated from the stalk and tolerate transportation well.

Moscow beauty

A medium-sized shrub with a compact crown. The rich, orange berries have a dessert flavor and are quite large in size (0.6 grams). The variety brings a bountiful annual harvest, up to 15 kilograms of fruit are harvested from one plant.... In addition, the Moscow beauty is distinguished by good winter hardiness and unpretentiousness to care and growing conditions. It is immune to most diseases.

Chuiskaya

A compact tree with a spreading, sparse crown, lends itself well to shaping. 10-12 kilograms of oval, slightly elongated berries are harvested from one plant... The fruits ripen in summer and have a pleasant sweet and sour taste.

Beloved

A medium-sized shrub with a flat-oval crown. Shoots are straight, practically without thorns, whitish bloom is characteristic. The top of the leaf is light green and the bottom is silvery. Fruits are orange in color and oval. The skin is sweaty, the pulp is slightly loose, very pleasant to the taste. The variety ripens at the end of August and brings a stable and large yield, which is suitable for various types of conservation.... The variety is characterized by increased winter hardiness and immunity to most diseases.

Nivelena

A medium-sized shrub with a slightly spreading umbrella-shaped crown. Shoots are light brown, matte, thorns are present in small quantities. The leaves are small in size, green in color. Berries of large size, yellow-orange, spherical shape... The pulp has a good aroma and sweet and sour taste. Such berries ripen at the end of summer, tolerate transportation well and can be stored for a long time. Also, the variety is characterized by increased winter hardiness and disease resistance.

The most frost-resistant varieties

Sea buckthorn belongs to Siberian plants, therefore good frost resistance is its natural characteristic. But there are varieties for which this indicator is at the highest level.

Ear of gold

A sea buckthorn variety that begins to bear fruit as early as the 3rd year of life. You can also distinguish a small number of thorns. Berries of golden-orange color weighing up to 0.5 grams are collected in dense cobs... The main advantage is increased winter hardiness.

Trofimovskaya

Tall shrub with a spreading, umbellate shape. Bears large fruits weighing up to 0.7 grams of orange color with red tints... The shape of the berries is elongated. The variety is distinguished by a high content of ascorbic acid. Trofimovskaya is able to survive not only the winter cold, but also spring frosts, which are more destructive for most crops.

Botanical amateur

The shrub grows up to 4 meters in height, the crown has a pyramidal shape. The leaves are large, light green in color, the thorns are practically absent. The berries ripen at the beginning of August, and if the harvest is not harvested on time, it will overripe and become not transportable. Fruits are large, yellow-orange with scales. The shape is oval-cylindrical. The pulp has a pleasant taste and pineapple aroma. Also the variety is very productive, 15 kilograms of harvest are harvested from one bush, sea buckthorn begins to bear fruit already at 3-4 years of age... Botanical amateur is resistant to frost, drought and various diseases.

Gift of Katun

The bush grows up to 2.7 meters in height, the crown is oval, the thickening is average. There may be a small number of thorns, or they may be completely absent. The leaves are concave, deep green. The fruits are orange in color and round in shape, their average weight is 0.7 grams... The crop can be harvested in the second half of August. Fruiting of sea buckthorn begins at 3 years of age and continues until 12 years of age. 14-16 kilograms of harvest are harvested from one shrub. The variety is resistant to frost and disease.

Sea buckthorn contains a large amount of vitamins and minerals, therefore, such berries have a beneficial effect on the human body. Due to its high oil content, this culture is often used in cosmetology.


VARIETIES OF SEA BUCKTHORN

The variety was bred at the N.I. M.A. Lisavenko by selection among seedlings from free pollination of a large-fruited elite form 87-72-6a (SB Shcherbinka-1 x Katun ecotype).

Authors of the variety: Panteleeva E.I., Pletneva T.M., Chepurnova T.M., Kurdyukova V.V., Gamova K.D.

Variety Included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 2010.

Bush with moderate growth, medium spreading crown.

Shoots without thorns, light brown, with a silvery bloom, thin. The leaves are small, lanceolate, folded in a boat, located at an acute angle.

The fruits are large (weight 100 fruits 110-140 g), ovoid, orange, with delicate pulp, with a thin skin. The taste is sweet and sour. The peduncle is long (5-6 mm), the force of separation of the fruits is weak.

The variety is early ripe, the fruits ripen in mid-August.

A variety of universal use.

Advantages of the variety: early maturity, large-fruited, lack of thorns, restrained growth, high productivity with manual collection of fruits.

Disadvantages: in humid weather during ripening, cracking of the fruit is possible for a short period of technical ripeness.

Bottom line: An excellent variety, must be present in the assortment on industrial plantations to extend the harvesting period. Very large-fruited and really good going, but you need to do it quickly! It reproduces poorly, but this is already a problem for those who reproduce. At the same time, as a rule, the quality of the annual planting material of this variety is noticeably lower in comparison with the main group of varieties. In the two-year version - everything is at the level of the best!

Planting material is available in large volumes (20-30 thousand pieces per year).

Brought to NIISS them. M.A. Lisavenko by the method of selection among seedlings from free pollination in 1987 of the elite form 87-72-6a (SB Shcherbinka-1 x Katunsky ecotype).

Authors of the variety: Panteleeva E.I., Pletneva T.M., Chepurnova T.M., Kurdyukova V.V., Gamova K.D.

It is promising for industrial gardens for large-fruited, for home gardens for decorativeness. Included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 2009.

Slightly growing bush with a spreading crown without thorns. The bark on the trunk and main branches is gray, dark.

Light brown curved shoots with a bluish bloom.

The leaves are large, lanceolate, green, the leaf blade is strongly concave.

The fruits are cylindrical, bright orange. The average weight of 100 fruits is 121 g. The length of the stalk is 5-6 mm. The fruit ripens later in the summer.

A variety of universal use.

Advantages of the variety: large-fruited, restrained growth, lack of thorns, decorative form of the bush.

Disadvantages: Not the best for hand picking

Bottom line: Has common parents with the previous variety (Augustine), and, like most of the descendants in this family, is large-fruited! However, it is less popular in industrial horticulture due to its relatively low efficiency when manually picking fruits. At the same time, the shape of the crown gives an additional decorative effect that can be used appropriately.

There is a limited amount of planting material (1-2 thousand pieces per year).

RECOMMENDED FOR TESTING.

The variety was bred at the N.I. MA Lisavenko by the method of selection among seedlings from free pollination in 1981 of the elite form 30-61-1487 (Shcherbinki-1 x Katunsky ecotype).

Authors of the variety: Panteleeva E.I., Pletneva T.M.

Included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 2006.

The bush is medium-sized with a compact dense crown, without thorns.

Shoots are straight, grayish brown.

Leaves are lanceolate, medium-sized, green with white pubescence.

The fruits are oval, bright orange, of medium size (weight of 100 fruits is 70-80 g). The ripening period of fruits is late summer (08.20–10.09).

Advantages of the variety: sweet fruitiness, lack of thorns, long period of technical ripeness, high organoleptic characteristics of processed products.

Disadvantages: moderate productivity, low efficiency when manually harvested.

Bottom line: The sweetest variety in the world! If the planned direction of use of the fruit is for fresh consumption, then you should definitely pay attention to it. Collection issues can be solved by cutting off the branches, followed by freezing and threshing the fruits. The best variety for juice production, as the product does not delaminate during storage. It is perfectly restored from juice concentrate, completely preserving all organoleptic properties.

There is a large volume of planting material (30-40 thousand pieces per year).

Variety - pollinator bred in NIISS them. M.A. Lisavenko. Selected among seedlings from free pollination in 1961, the Novost Altai variety with the Katun ecotype.

Authors of the variety: Panteleeva E.I., Kalinina I.P.

Included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 1988.

Vigorous bush (3.5 m tall at 7 years of age), with a strong crown without thorns.

Shoots are thick, greenish-brown, buds are large, often located (every 0.8 cm).

The leaves are large, broadly lanceolate, green with a yellow dotted bloom along the central vein. The leaf blade is flat.

Winter hardiness is high. The generative organs of the flower produce a large amount of pollen. Each inflorescence has 17-24 flowers (ordinary male forms have 4-6 flowers). Pollen viability is very high - 95.4%.

Advantages of the variety: high winter hardiness of flower buds, no thorns.

Disadvantages: vigorous growth (when used in home gardening).

Bottom line: The use of the Alei variety as a pollinator ensures good fruiting of the varieties even in years with unfavorable conditions for overwintering the generative organs. The annual abundant flowering and vigorous growth of the variety can reduce the number of pollinating plants from 7-8 to 5-6% and increase the yield, respectively, by increasing the number of female plants. Recommended for industrial plantations. For a backyard option, it is better to use the Gnome variety.

There is a limited amount of planting material (3-4 thousand pieces per year).

The variety was bred at the N.I. M.A. Lisavenko as a result of crossing in 1999 the Augustine variety with the pollinator 1320-86 (Radiant × 10-66-952 (Olive St. op.)). Submitted for State Variety Testing in 2011

Authors: E.I. Panteleeva, V.V. Kurdyukova, Yu.A. Zubarev, E.V. Oderova, A.V. Gunin, E.N. Zubareva

It is a medium-sized tree-like shrub with a rounded crown of medium density. The crown foliage is medium.

Shoots are straight, light brown in color. The buds are large, brown.

The leaves are large, dark green, very narrow elliptical, the leaf blade is concave. Thorniness is weak.

Fruits are large (1.0-1.2 g), ovoid, yellow-orange in color, sour taste. The ear is of medium density, the peduncle is long (5-6 mm), the nature of fruit tearing is wet, the pulling force is medium (169.5 g). Fruit ripening period is average (calendar dates of fruit picking 25 August – 25 September).

Advantages of the variety: large-fruited, high productivity.

Disadvantages: comparatively low efficiency with manual collection.

Bottom line: The variety is considered by us as a worthy replacement for one of the most popular until recently, the Elizaveta variety, which, differing in similar characteristics, under certain conditions began to be damaged by fusarium drying. The variety is very large-fruited and fruitful.It is not yet widely used in industrial gardens, but it has great potential. It can be recommended for hooks, which will significantly increase harvesting productivity.

There is a limited amount of planting material (1-2 thousand pieces per year).

The variety was bred at the N.I. M.A. Lisavenko as a result of crossing in 2000 of the elite form 1186-84-2 (3-67-2475 sv.op. (Shcherbinki-1 × Kudyrga-1)) with pollinator 1431-86 (Tenga sv.op.). Submitted for State Variety Testing in 2015

Authors: E.I. Panteleeva, Yu.A. A. V. Zubarev Gunin, V.V. Kurdyukova, E.V. Oderova, E.N. Zubarev, V.A. Pugach

It is a vigorous tree-like shrub with an oval crown of medium density. The crown foliage is medium.

Shoots are slightly curved, light brown-gray in color. The buds are medium in size, light brown.

Leaves are medium-sized, gray-green, very narrow elliptical, leaf blade is straight. Thorniness is weak.

Fruits are large (1.1-1.4 g), ovoid, red-orange in color, sweet-sour taste. The ear is of medium density, the peduncle is long (4-5 mm), the nature of fruit tearing is wet, the pulling force is medium (176 g). Fruit ripening period is average (calendar dates of fruit picking are 25 August –15 September).

Advantages of the variety: large-fruited, high yield, productive manual collection.

Bottom line: One of the newest varieties of our selection. A very large-fruited and productive variety! Fruits are of a beautiful red-orange color, with excellent organoleptic properties. Relatively productive manual picking (not the best, but on par). The main disadvantage is vigorous growth. However, this disadvantage can be solved by harvesting by cutting the fruit-bearing branches.

There is a moderate amount of planting material (5-7 thousand pieces per year).


Rating of the best varieties of hydrangeas

Nomination a place hydrangea variety Rating
The best varieties of panicle hydrangeas 1 Grandiflora 4.9
2 Polar Beer 4.8
3 Phantom 4.7
4 Limelight 4.6
The best varieties of tree hydrangeas 1 Annabelle 4.9
2 Diamant Rouge 4.8
3 Grandiflora 4.7
4 Sterilis 4.6
5 Pink Bella Anna 4.5
6 White House 4.4
The best varieties of large-leaved hydrangeas 1 Nico blue 4.9
2 Endless Summe 4.8
3 Alpengluchen 4.7
4 Shniebol 4.6
5 Peppermint 4.5
The best varieties of oak-leaved hydrangeas 1 Snowflake 4.9
2 The Snow Queen 4.8


Planting technology and care

Planting sea buckthorn seedlings is recommended in early spring or autumn. Soils with a high level of acid and clayey are categorically contraindicated. The seedling is placed in a previously prepared recess. Fertile soil is poured into the center, a young plant is established. The roots must be spread out. The planting site is covered with a pre-prepared substrate. If the area is characterized by strong winds, the seedling is strengthened with bamboo supports. In the first year, daily moderate watering is carried out. The topsoil is covered with mulch. In the second year and in subsequent years, the shoots are pruned. Sea buckthorn is a unique bisexual plant, therefore, it is necessary to plant more than two bushes of different varieties at once. Our company "Idea Garden" offers to buy seedlings wholesale and retail at affordable prices.

The advantages of buying seedlings:

  • the presence of vitamins and minerals in the fruit
  • high level of frost resistance of the tree and root system
  • bountiful harvests
  • strong immunity
  • wide range of uses of fruits, leaves
  • good transportability
  • when planting on slopes - additional protection against avalanches and landslides.

Our company "Idea Garden" offers to buy sea buckthorn seedlings with a 100% guarantee for survival rate and grade. By purchasing sea buckthorn in our online store, you can get the help of consultants in ordering, qualified advice. We work to make your garden enjoyable and useful!


A personal grade dedicated to Lyudmila. Domestic Crimean variety. Created by Lyudmila Maksimovna Alexandrova and named after her daughter, who is also called Lyudmila. The flower is bright orange in color, as if glowing from the inside, the petals are pointed, 6-7 cm high. Strong peduncle 35-45 cm high. Good in cutting and in spring compositions. Resistant to variegation virus and bad weather.


Sea buckthorn varieties for the Urals and Siberia

"Openwork"

Shrub of low growth, spreading with branches without thorns. Fruits are orange, cylindrical on a long stalk, large (1.0 - 1.2). The pulp is sweet and sour (the proportion of sugars is up to 9%). The variety has excellent winter hardiness, drought resistance, disease resistance. The harvest ripens at the end of August. Productivity 6 kg.
• Fruit weight 1.0 - 1.2 g.
• Harvest 6 kg. from the bush
• Mid-season
Advantages: large fruits, shoots without thorns, high winter hardiness
Disadvantages: damaged by sea buckthorn fly, low yield

"Jam"

A low-growing bush (about 2.5 m) of moderate density with shoots without thorns. Fruits are red-orange, oval in shape on a long stalk with a semi-dry margin. The pulp has a sweet and sour dessert taste. "Jam" has a high content of carotenoids and oil. It tolerates frosty winters well, relatively susceptible to diseases and pests. Ripening time - the end of August. Yield 9 -12 kg per plant.
• Fruit weight 0.7 - 0.8 g.
• Harvest 9 - 12 kg per bush
• Mid-season
Advantages: short stature, thornless shoots, tasty large berries, high winter hardiness
Disadvantages: semi-dry separation of berries, relative resistance to sea buckthorn fly

Chuiskaya

A bush or tree of medium height with a thin crown, branches with a few thorns. Fruits are large, cylindrical, orange on a short stalk with a semi-dry margin. The taste of the pulp is sweet and sour. A variety with high winter hardiness. Ripening time is the second half of August. The harvest is 10-12 kg. from one bush. Disease and pest resistance is not good enough. Sea buckthorn "Chuiskaya" is also zoned for the Moscow region.
• Fruit weight 0.8 - 0.9 gr.
• Harvest 10 -12 kg. from the bush
• Mid-season
Advantages: weak roundness of shoots, large fruits of universal application, high frost resistance
Disadvantages: semi-dry separation of berries, average resistance to diseases and pests

" Lady fingers"

"Ladies fingers" is a variety of the Chelyabinsk selection. Bushes of medium height with a moderately spreading crown. Drupes are large, cylindrical, bright orange. The pulp is sweet and sour with a pleasant taste. The stalk is long, dry separation of berries. A variety with excellent winter hardiness. The time for the ripening of the crop is the end of August. Productivity 6 kg. from the bush.
• Fruit weight 1.0 - 1.3 g.
• Harvest 6 kg. from the bush
• Mid-season
Advantages: large fruits of dessert taste, dry separation of berries, high winter hardiness
Disadvantages: weak resistance to sea buckthorn fly
Well, a few words about pollinating varieties. Sea buckthorn varieties Alei, Dwarf, Dear friend, Ural were bred exclusively for pollination of female sea buckthorn plants. They are characterized by long flowering and large amounts of pollen - volatile and viable. It is enough to plant one such bush and a high yield will be ensured.

Dear visitors of the "Dacha Plot", tireless gardeners, gardeners and flower growers. We offer you to pass the aptitude test and find out whether you can trust the shovel and let you into the garden with it.


Watch the video: Sea Buckthorn, Облепиха, Sanddorn, Berry Harvesting Tools


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