Eucalyptus is an evergreen tree plant native to Australia and Tasmania. It prefers temperate climates. In its original habitat it can even exceed 100 meters, while in Italy it does not exceed 20 meters. Eucalyptus has about 600 different species, its botanical name is Eucalyptus globulus and belongs to the Myrtaceae family. The trunk of the tree has a smooth gray bark which, when detached, highlights the reddish-colored wood. The leaves are lance-shaped with a deep green color similar to blue. While the welded 4-petaled flowers are enclosed in a chalice or cup. The eucalyptus fruit is a capsule that has the same shape as the cup that contains the flowers. This tree does not like too hot climates and grows in well-drained soils from rain. It likes sunny exposure. This plant is known and appreciated for its medicinal properties and for uses in industry and agriculture. Eucalyptus wood, in fact, is used for the production of paper or as firewood, but also to create windbreak rows necessary to protect other crops from strong wind or dangerous tornadoes. In phytotherapy, the leaves of this plant are used, which must be harvested in summer or autumn. They are collected individually by eliminating the petiole; they are dried and stored in a glass jar away from light.
Eucalyptus is the plant par excellence indicated for relieving diseases of the respiratory system, such as asthma and bronchitis. Among the active ingredients contained, the essential oil eucalyptol and flavonoids stand out. It is precisely the balsamic effect of eucalyptol that allows this plant to be used in the field of herbal medicine. The effects of eucalyptus are in fact anti-inflammatory of the respiratory system, balsamic and expectorant. Its active ingredients are also useful for intestinal and urogenital inflammation. It is used to make aerosols and to thin the secretion of phlegm, promote expectoration and calm coughs. It also appears to have the property of stimulating sweating and lowering fever. This plant also seems effective in the case of diabetes, because it seems to lower blood sugar levels, halitosis and in the case of sores and pustules caused by herpes. The active ingredients of eucalyptus are also useful in case of oily skin or skin affected by acne. The charcoal of eucalyptus wood is also used in case of poisoning from poisons or spoiled foods and for intestinal disorders such as colitis and dysentery
To achieve their beneficial effects, the active ingredients of eucalyptus are used through various pharmaceutical forms and various cosmetic products. The essential oil is sold in the form of drops, syrups, suppositories and ointments. The eucalyptus aerosol, in case of respiratory tract problems, is carried out with the essential oil. At high doses, however, as shown by a recent study, the eucalyptus aerosol can be irritating to the mucous membranes. For external use, eucalyptus is used in cosmetics for the production of deodorants and purifiers for oily, impure or acne-affected skin, but also as a cleanser in the form of soap bars. Many toothpastes are made from eucalyptus, as are shampoos for oily hair, sometimes mixed with extracts from other plants. The dosage of eucalyptus suppositories is one before bed and one in the afternoon. However, the exact dosage can only be prescribed by the doctor and based on the complaints reported by the patient. The recommended dosage of eucalyptus essential oil in drops is two, three of the same, two, three times a day, in half a teaspoon, for adults. The drops can also be inhaled to make aerosol, in this case the recommended dose is 10, 15 drops in half a liter of hot water. The essential oil of eucalyptus for external use requires a dilution of the same, in jojoba oil or sweet almonds to make frictions on the skin, where in case of peeling and aging you can also apply the cream or ointment, always based on the extracts. of this plant. The drops (about 20, 30) can also be diluted in the bath water. The ideal dosage of eucalyptus syrup (often mixed with other substances such as propolis) is one tablespoon of the same twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. It is used pure for sore throats and diluted in hot water for bronchial problems. In high doses, eucalyptus can cause nausea, vomiting and convulsions. Its use is not recommended in case of individual hypersensitivity to its components, pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Eucalyptus-based products are easily purchased both in pharmacies and herbalists, as well as in e-commerce sites and parapharmacies. By consulting these channels it will be possible to know the price of the same. The eucalyptus ointment, in a 40-gram jar, costs about 8 euros; the syrup, in a 250 ml bottle, costs about 12 euros; the drops in 10 ml bottles cost 6 euros.