Tomato Lyubasha - the earliest harvest in your garden


Tomato is one of the favorite vegetables of gardeners and many dream of trying fresh fruits as early as possible. Breeders get more and more new varieties with very early ripening periods. These early tomatoes include Lyubasha, an ultra-early hybrid of domestic origin.

Description of the variety Lyubasha

The Lyubasha hybrid tomato was received quite recently, in 2016, by Russian breeders of the Partner agrofirm. Since 2017, the variety has been included in the State Register and is recommended for cultivation in open ground and in greenhouses throughout Russia.

The hybrid belongs to early ripening tomatoes and is characterized by excellent taste. It takes only 70–85 days from the emergence of seedlings to harvest (taking into account possible changes in ripening times in different climatic conditions).

Tomato Lyubasha on video

Plant appearance

Lyubasha belongs to determinant tomatoes, that is, it is limited in growth. The maximum growth of the bushes is 1 m. The plants are compact and oval in shape. The stems are strong, which allows them to tolerate the weight of the crop well. The number of leaves on the bushes is average, the size of the leaf is small, the color is dark green. The inflorescences are simple, usually 4–5 fruit clusters are formed on each bush.

Medium-sized (average weight 120-140 g) fruits are characterized by a round, slightly flattened shape and medium ribbing. The skin is smooth and glossy, rather dense, so the tomatoes do not crack even in rainy weather.

Lyubasha's bushes do not grow too large

At the stage of technical ripeness, the skin has a pale green color, and when fully ripe, it is rich, bright red. The pink flesh is characterized by medium density and high juiciness. Each fruit has 3-4 fairly large (compared to other hybrid tomatoes) seed chambers, but the total number of seeds is not too large.

The size of tomatoes reaches 6-7 cm, and the number of large seed chambers is usually 3

Juice and pulp contain a large amount of vitamins B, C, PP, as well as potassium, phosphorus and other useful elements. The content of ascorbic acid is as high as in citrus fruits and black currants. The consumption of fresh tomatoes is recommended for improving metabolism and as a supportive agent for anemia, cardiovascular disease, memory impairment and other ailments.

The taste of Lyubasha's tomatoes is highly appreciated by experts. A bright aroma is also noted, especially when cutting the fruit.

Advantages and disadvantages, features, differences from other varieties

Despite its recent history, the Lyubasha tomato is often praised by gardeners due to a number of advantages such as:

  • early germination and very early ripening;
  • high yield (2–2.5 kg per bush in the open field and up to 4 kg in a greenhouse or 8–10 kg / m2 and 15–20 kg / m22 accordingly);
  • resistance to the vagaries of the weather and lack of care;
  • no need to regulate growth;
  • good resistance to pests and diseases (in particular, late blight, tobacco mosaic and gray rot);
  • the possibility of transportation and long-term storage due to the dense skin;
  • good taste (rare for early tomato species);
  • versatility of use (well suited for both preservation and fresh consumption).

Disadvantages:

  • weak resistance to prolonged temperature drop;
  • uneven fruit sizes: the first tomatoes reach a mass of 200 g, and then become smaller;
  • the need for tying (despite limited growth) and pinching;
  • simultaneous ripening of the crop, which does not allow enjoying fresh fruits for a long time.

Unlike most other varieties, Lyubasha does not require additional feeding during the growth period.

There are a lot of early varieties and hybrids of tomatoes, therefore, for comparison with the Lyubasha hybrid, we will consider only a few of them.

Table: comparative characteristics of the hybrid Lyubasha and some other early varieties of tomatoes

Lyubasha grows and develops well in the open field, in greenhouses and even on the balcony in a city apartment. It should be borne in mind that the greatest yield can be obtained in greenhouse conditions.

Features of planting and growing tomato Lyubasha

Although Lyubasha belongs to the early varieties, it is usually grown as seedlings. Direct sowing into the ground is only possible in the southern regions.

The timing of sowing seeds for seedlings depends on the climatic conditions of the region and can range from mid-February to mid-March. The appropriate time for sowing is calculated based on the need to transplant seedlings to a permanent place approximately 40–45 days after seed germination. It should be borne in mind that planting in the ground can only be carried out after the end of the season of return frosts.

Seedling preparation

Tomato seeds Lyubasha before planting on seedlings must be processed for the prevention of diseases. They are poured for 2-3 minutes with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then washed with warm water.

Step-by-step order of sowing seeds:

  1. Preparing containers: pots, boxes, cassettes, cups, peat tablets and even plastic bags are suitable for growing seedlings. They are filled with sod land, peat mixtures or soil with humus.
  2. The soil is spilled with warm water 1 day before planting.
  3. Depressions of 1–1.5 cm are made in the soil and seeds are planted. When sowing in long boxes, the distance between adjacent holes should be 3-4 cm. When planting, 2 seeds are placed in separate pots in each hole.
  4. The seeded containers are covered with plastic wrap (it is convenient to use food stretch wrap) and placed in a warm (temperature + 23 ... + 25 aboutC), well ventilated area.
  5. The film is removed from the crops after the emergence of shoots. From the second week of life, the plants need to be moved to a cooler room with a temperature of 19-20 degrees.

When sowing, the following procedure is followed: 1 - disinfect the seeds with potassium permanganate; 2 - select containers and fill them with moist nutrient soil; 3 - plant seeds to a depth of 1–1.5 cm; 4 - cover crops with foil

Hybrid seedlings are looked after as well as seedlings of other varieties of tomatoes. One of the points is the duration of daylight hours 10-12 hours (regulated by additional lighting).

Phytolamps provide the light spectrum required for plants

Watering young tomatoes should first be done once a week (the frequency of watering is controlled by the degree of soil drying), and after 3 weeks of growth, you need to switch to moderate watering every 4–5 days. Tomatoes do not tolerate severe waterlogging, so you need to be careful not to over-water the plants.

When young plants have a second true leaf, a pick should be made (for Lyubasha it is best to do this without tearing off the main root) in a larger container, for example, in pots with a volume of 0.5–0.7 liters.

A distinctive feature of the Lyubasha hybrid is that it does not need feeding at the stage of seedling growth. If there are doubts about the quality of the soil used, you can apply a little phosphorus-potassium or complex fertilizers with irrigation water.

Landing in open ground

After about 1.5 months from the moment of germination, the seedling bushes usually grow up to 20-25 cm in height, already have a fairly strong stem and 7-9 leaves. As a rule, by this time the first flower raceme has already formed. In this state, seedlings can be planted in open ground or in a greenhouse. The transplant can be carried out only when the threat of night frosts has passed. This usually happens at the end of May.

For tomato beds, you need to choose the sunniest place on the site, which is illuminated for the longest possible time. Almost any soil is suitable - Lyubasha is not too picky.

When planting, it is often recommended to put fertilizer in the wells. If this is done, the tomatoes will only grow greens. Therefore, the addition of organic matter and urea to the wells is not recommended. Better to use potassium salts or ash.

The planting density of Lyubasha tomatoes should be 4–6 bushes per square meter (the interval between adjacent plants is 30–40 cm). To prevent the bushes from falling to the ground during fruiting, it is better to immediately tie them to the stakes.

Plant care

Lyubasha is not capricious and does not require special care. Still, to ensure a good harvest, it is required to carry out such standard operations as weeding, hilling, watering, forming bushes, feeding, and preventing diseases.

Formation of bushes

Due to the fact that Lyubasha is limited in growth, she does not need to be pinched: a fruit cluster is formed at the top of the main shoot. Although the bushes are not very tall, they need a garter and a pinching (removal of side shoots).

Optimum yields are achieved when Lyubasha bushes are formed in 2-3 stems (with a dense planting of 2 stems, with a rare planting - 3).

When a plant is kept in 2 stems, the main shoot and one side shoot is left on the bush, growing under the first flowering brush. The rest of the side shoots must be removed regularly.

When formed into 3 stems, they act in the same way, but leave another one growing above the first flower cluster.

Formation of tomatoes - video

It should be noted that more stepchildren can be left in the warm southern regions.

As it grows, the bush must be tied up. Despite the strength and thickness of the stems, the bushes may break during the ripening of the fruits, since a feature of the hybrid is the simultaneous ripening of tomatoes. For garters, you can use rigid trellises, stakes, twine.

Tying tomatoes - photo

Top dressing

Tomatoes Lyubasha before planting in the ground can not be fed (although, if desired, you can add compounds of phosphorus, magnesium, potassium already in the first week of growth).

Manure is generally considered the best fertilizer for garden crops. For tomatoes, including for Lyubasha, manure and bird droppings should not be used. Experienced gardeners prefer to use only mineral fertilizers when growing tomatoes: Fitosporin, Glyokladin, Kristalon, Lignohumat, Boroplus. From folk remedies, ash is perfect. Top dressing is carried out several times per season.

The author's personal experience with growing tomatoes shows that it is very useful to stress them in order to prevent fattening of plants. As soon as the vigorous growth of the bushes begins, gently reduce the watering or remove one or two bottom leaves. Such measures force the plants to direct their energies to the laying of flower clusters and the formation of fruits. In addition, care must be taken with feeding. After planting, you cannot feed the tomatoes with nitrogen (unless there is an obvious deficiency of it). It is advisable to give the first root dressing (moreover, potash) only at the time of flowering of the 5-6th brush. Foliar dressing with solutions of magnesium and other microelements works well on plants. Fruits ripen better and faster on soil poor in organic matter. Therefore, when preparing the soil, you should not get carried away with organic matter, and during planting, you should not put manure in the holes. In addition to fattening, excessive organic matter provokes diseases of tomatoes with late blight. In general, tomatoes are better grown with underfeeding than overfeeding. Mullein solution should not be used more than 2-3 times per season.

With an excess of nutrients, tomatoes can very easily begin to fatten. To prevent this from happening, you can take the following steps:

  1. The soil should not be too nutritious. Even in autumn, it is not recommended to add manure to the soil.
  2. Tomatoes should not be watered for the first 2-3 weeks after planting (especially if planted early). Rooting of seedlings will be provided by water poured into the holes. Further limiting watering contributes to the active development of the root system. It is categorically impossible to overdry the soil - flowers may crumble, therefore, with the restriction of watering, care must be taken.
  3. Do not feed the tomatoes with nitrogen during the entire growing season.

Watering plants

For full-fledged growth and fruit formation, tomatoes require regular soil moisture, especially in hot weather. Watering should be carried out strictly at the root in the evening or early morning. The best option is to use drip irrigation.

Do-it-yourself drip irrigation of tomatoes

The recommended regime for Lyubasha tomatoes is watering every 5-7 days, and in extreme heat - every 3-4 days. The moisture supply rate is 4.5–5 liters per 1 bush. More frequent and too abundant watering will only harm the plant.

Frequent moderate watering of tomatoes provokes the growth of a superficial root system, which reduces the resistance of plants to unfavorable external factors.

Watering should be stopped 2–2.5 weeks before harvesting.

Protection of tomatoes from diseases and pests

Despite Lyubasha's high resistance to diseases and pests, there is always a risk that the plants will still get sick. The simplest means of prevention are:

  • compliance with crop rotation requirements;
  • timely elimination of weeds and plant debris from the site;
  • plant tomatoes away from eggplant and potato beds;
  • keeping the distance between the bushes.

For the prevention and treatment of fungal and bacterial diseases, biological preparations Alirin or Gamair are well suited.

To scare off pests, it is recommended to plant marigolds around tomato beds.

Collection, storage and use of the crop

Fruits can be harvested in the last decade of June - early July. Thanks to the amicable ripening, they can be cut with whole brushes.

Tomatoes ripen in tassels for easy harvesting

The harvested tomatoes should be stored in a dark, cool room at a temperature of 10-12 aboutC and regular ventilation. Under these conditions, unripe fruits can be stored for about 2–2.5 months. Fruits harvested ripe retain their qualities in a refrigerator for up to 1 month.

Due to their good taste, Lyubasha tomatoes can be used both in salads and for various preparations. The small size of the fruit provides the convenience of pickling. They also make delicious juice, wonderful adjika and other sauces. Lyubasha tomatoes can even be dried.

Thanks to the dense pulp, Lyubasha tomatoes dry well

Reviews of gardeners

Hybrid Lyubasha is unpretentious to growing conditions and disease resistant. Its cultivation is within the power of even an inexperienced gardener. If you follow the simple rules of care, this tomato will give an early harvest of delicious tomatoes.

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Hello! My name is Maria, 40 years old. My main job is teaching technical subjects.

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Lyubasha is an early determinant hybrid. 70 days pass from germination to fruit emergence. Fruiting is amicable, 7-8 tomatoes are formed on simple inflorescences. The first brush is laid after 5 sheets.

Lyubasha tomatoes are resistant to:

  • cracking,
  • phytophthora.

When maintaining a culture of 3 stems and placing 5 plants per 1 m², the yield is:

  • 14-15 kg - in a film greenhouse
  • 10-11 kg - outdoors.

Compared with the characteristics and descriptions of other varieties of tomatoes and early hybrids, Lyubasha has a number of advantages, it is easy to grow it even for novice gardeners.


Characteristics of tomato Mazarin F1

The exclusive manufacturer is the Russian agrofirm "Aelita".

Hybrid Blame

The seeds are produced under the author's control of the famous team of breeders (M.N. Gulkin, N.V. Nastenko, V.G. Kachainik). In 2013, the hybrid variety was entered in the State Register of Seeds and received a patent as an outstanding breeding achievement.

Dignity

A specially selected combination of genes endows the plant with remarkable consumer qualities.

Bushes:

  • universal average height (1.1-1.3 meters), suitable for both greenhouses and open ground
  • determinant type of development - with self-limiting growth after the formation of the optimal number of hands
  • powerful, sturdy stem
  • not too dense foliage is of medium size, due to which the plantings are well lit and ventilated
  • plants are not damaged by black bacterial spot and tobacco mosaic virus.

Fruit:

  • rather early ripening period (95-105 days) with good sizes (150-200 g) fleshy fruits
  • the first inflorescences grow very quickly - already in the bosom of the 6th leaflet, then they go thickly - after 1 or 2 leaves
  • tomatoes have a rich red hue, without a greenish spot at the top
  • the shape of the tomatoes is even, heart-shaped - spherical with a spout, there are no ugly ovaries
  • the flesh is dense, suitable for both salad and salting, the taste is excellent
  • each hand carries about 1 kg of fruits (5-6 pieces), does not break, does not require a special garter
  • the total yield of the Mazarin variety is high (up to 140 kg from ten square meters of greenhouses in the open ground of the Middle Lane - a little more modest)
  • an important feature is a large return already at the first harvest, which ripens early on the vine.

Tomatoes Lyubasha F1

The soul and heart of any gardener strives to plant the earliest varieties among other garden crops, so as to get satisfaction from their work as early as possible. The taste and yield characteristics of the variety are no longer so important - the main thing is that it ripens before everyone else. Therefore, super-early varieties of tomatoes are so popular - some of them, when planted early in greenhouses, can be harvested as early as June.

And there is an addition to this shelf of early tomatoes - literally a year ago, the Lyubasha tomato variety appeared and has already managed to attract attention to itself with numerous advantages. Actually, Lyubasha is not a tomato variety at all, but a hybrid, but many gardeners are quite satisfied with the situation of buying fresh seeds every year in a store, so they do not strive to grow varieties. But Lyubasha is unique, because she has qualities and characteristics that are not at all characteristic of either hybrids or early tomatoes. But now about everything in order.

Description of hybrid features

In 2016, the breeders of the Partner agrofirm obtained a new hybrid of tomatoes - Lyubasha F1. In 2017, the hybrid was officially entered into the State Register with a recommendation for growing in all regions of Russia, both in open and protected ground.

Plants of tomato Lyubasha are determinant, that is, the growth of the bush is limited when it reaches one meter in height.

Plants of the Lyubasha tomato are equally well adapted to the growth and fruit setting both in the open field and in greenhouses, but in the greenhouse the yield will be somewhat larger.

The bushes have a rather compact, oval shape, the stems have an average number of small leaves, bright green in color.

To obtain optimal yield, it is recommended to form Lyubasha tomato bushes into 2-3 stems, depending on the planting density. If you plant no more than 4 plants per square meter, then it is possible to form 3 stems, for which one stepson is left under the first flower brush and the other growing over the same brush.

In the case of a closer planting, it is better to leave only 2 stems on Lyubasha's bushes - the main and auxiliary under the first flower brush. All other side shoots must be removed as they form.

The Lyubasha hybrid stands out with an interesting feature - some plants are able to form as many as two peduncles in one internode, and each of them will have full fruits in each brush. And this fact in no way distracts the formation of fruit clusters in the following internodes.

In terms of ripening, as already mentioned, the Lyubasha tomato belongs not only to early-ripening tomatoes, but even to ultra-early ones. Since the first ripe fruits can be obtained within 65-75 days after germination. Usually, early varieties of tomatoes do not differ in special productivity, gardeners are quite satisfied with the very appearance of the first tomatoes. But the tomato Lyubasha F1 is also distinguished by amazing yield characteristics. In the description of the hybrid it is indicated that the yield of marketable fruits is about 20 kg per square meter. This means that on average 4-5 kg ​​of selected tomatoes can be harvested from one bush.

As for resistance to major diseases, there is no surprise here - hybrids in general, and Lyubasha, in particular, is resistant to unfavorable growth factors, including major diseases typical for tomatoes.

Fruit characteristics

The shape of Lyubasha tomatoes is mostly rounded with small folds in the region of the stalk, slightly flattened. In an unripe form, the fruits are light green in color, in the ripening stage they are bright red.

Tomatoes have a very nice appearance - dense, with smooth skin, fleshy flesh with a pinkish tinge. The fruits are not prone to cracking even in rainy and cold weather. There are not very many seeds in the fruits, the number of seed nests is 3-4.

Tomatoes ripen quite amicably and gain weight on average 120-150 grams. Due to their convenient size, the fruits are suitable both for fresh salads and for whole preservation. Although their purpose is truly universal - delicious tomato juice will turn out from Lyubasha tomatoes, they can serve as a delicacy in pickled form and they make unmatched sun-dried tomatoes.

The taste characteristics of tomatoes are amazing - experts rate them excellently, which is a rarity for both hybrids and early tomatoes. In addition, due to the rather dense skin, Lyubasha tomatoes are well stored and are quite capable of enduring long-term transportation.

Growing features

Despite the early maturity, in most regions of Russia, it is advisable to grow the Lyubasha hybrid through seedlings. Seeds can be sown directly into the ground only in the southern regions. For seedlings, seeds are sown about 50 days before the expected date of planting in a greenhouse or in a permanent place in the garden.

Lyubasha's seedlings usually look pretty strong. When she has two or three real leaves, it is advisable to feed her with some kind of natural organic fertilizer. Although, if you planted the plants in a humus-rich mixture when diving, then no additional fertilizing is required before planting in the ground.

One square meter can accommodate from 4 to 6 tomato bushes. Despite the small height of the bushes, it is still better to tie them up to the supports, since due to the heavy load of the harvest, tomatoes risk being on the ground. The stems themselves grow quite thick and are often even thicker than the stakes to which they are tied.

During the entire growing season, you can feed the tomato bushes several more times - spray them with a solution of wood ash or EM preparations.

In the future, the care of the plants of Lyubasha's tomatoes is standard - watering, loosening or mulching, removing weeds, and, of course, harvesting.

Reviews of gardeners

Since the Lyubasha hybrid appeared on the Russian market quite recently - almost a year ago, there are still not many reviews on it. But even those that exist give hope that this tomato is very promising and reliable for planting in the most unpredictable conditions.

Conclusion

Thanks to many valuable characteristics, the Lyubasha tomato hybrid is quite worthy of being included in the list of tomatoes grown on your site. Even if you do not respect hybrids, you can make an exception and try to grow Lyubasha in order to form your own opinion about this new product.


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