The use of chicory


Read part 1. ← Features of agricultural technology and types of chicory

Forcing the witloof

1. Spend from November to April, duration: 20-30 days.

2. A container (box, flower pot) with a drainage hole, 35-45 cm high.

3. Pour a layer of soil substrate (peat, sand) 10 cm into the container, put root crops of equal length 15-25 cm tightly to each other (cut from the bottom), the growth points should be at the same level; cover with soil, water abundantly. Place in a dark place (cover with a container or opaque material) at a temperature of 15 ... 18 ° C.

4. Harvesting heads of cabbage 15-20 cm long.



Whitening rosettes of salad chicory

Carry out 15-20 days before harvest.
In dry weather, lift the leaves of the rosette to the top and carefully tie it; you can cover the plant with an inverted flower pot (ventilation is required) or with an opaque, breathable material. Water very carefully.

Pests, chicory diseases

Since chemical treatment is practically impossible in case of damage, prevention should be carried out: plant varieties that are resistant to diseases and pests; do not plant plants tightly; observe crop rotation; take into account the combination of crops; remove affected plants in time; water sparingly (in the initial period - by sprinkling, then - between the rows), the root collar and leaves should be dry.

Diseases: gray rot, downy mildew, rust, blackleg, viral diseases.
Pests: root mite, leaf aphid, wireworms, scoop, slugs.



The use of chicory

Chicory root vegetables can be used for making drinks (substitute, coffee substitute), to obtain high-quality alcohols, used in folk medicine and in cooking. Chicory leaves have medicinal and nutritional value.

For medicinal purposes, almost all parts of the plant are used: roots, leaves, stems, flowers. Chicory leaves contain vitamins A, C and K, B vitamins (B1, IN2, folic acid - B9), PP (nicotinic acid), carbohydrates (inulin), proteins, tannins, fiber, fructooligosaccharides (prebiotics), beta-carotene; trace elements (potassium, calcium, iron, sulfur, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, manganese, zinc, sodium, selenium); intibin (gives a bitter taste).

In addition to the above substances, chicory radicchio leaves contain anthocyanins.

Chicory roots contain trace elements, intibin, proteins, pectin, resins, essential oils, vitamins A, C, B2, E, PP, chicorine, choline, tannins, organic acids and carbohydrates, the most important of which is inulin.

Preparations from chicory have a wide range of therapeutic effects and are used as anti-inflammatory, diuretic, choleretic, antimicrobial, astringent, stimulating appetite, improving digestion, hepatoprotective, regulating metabolism, normalizing blood composition, wound healing, soothing (sedative), tonic.

Currently, in some countries (for example, in New Zealand), studies are underway on the anthelmintic properties of chicory.

Chicory root drink possesses healing properties, facilitates the work of the heart, improves digestion, regulates metabolism, soothes the nervous system (relieves insomnia and fatigue), invigorates. This drink can be recommended to people for whom coffee is contraindicated, as an excellent substitute. The characteristic color and specific aroma, reminiscent of coffee, gives the drink chicoreol, which is formed during the roasting of chicory roots during the caramelization of inulin and fructose.

In stores, you can buy ready-made instant drinks from chicory roots in powder or syrup form with various additives (coffee, barley, rye, oats, spices, honey, fruits and berries) or without them.

To prepare the drink, you need to prepare the roots in the fall (in September - November), when the aboveground parts of the plant have turned yellow and wilted. Dig up the roots with a garden pitchfork, clean it well from the ground, rinse thoroughly in cold running water, clean it from rotten stems, small roots, chop (cut lengthwise or in thin circles). Then dry the roots in the oven until brown (well-dried roots break easily and crumble), grind in a coffee grinder. As a result, you should get a powder of brown or gray-brown color, which can be brewed like natural coffee. To prepare a drink, you need to put 1-2 teaspoons of chicory in a cup, pour hot water, add sugar, milk or cream to taste.

Diseases for which common chicory is used

Indications for useDosage form
Digestive system diseases: loss of appetite, dyspepsia, colitis, gallstone disease, hepatitis and cirrhosis, scurvyDecoction (infusion) of roots, infusion of flowers
Diseases of the excretory system (kidneys): nephritis, cystitisDecoction (and tincture) of roots, infusion of flowers
Diseases of the cardiovascular system (improve cardiac activity): hypertension, tachycardia, edemaInfusion of flowers, decoctions and infusions of roots
Diseases of the central nervous system: fatigue, insomnia, hysteria, increased nervous irritabilityDecoction (and infusion) of root and leaves, infusion of flowers
Diseases of the blood system: anemia (anemia), spleen diseasesFresh juice, decoction of roots and leaves
Metabolic disorders: vitamin deficiency, goutRoot drink, flower infusion
Skin diseases: rash, acne, boils, purulent and chronic wounds, ulcers, abscesses, eczema, diathesis, callusesOutwardly in the form of lotions, steep broth, root tincture
General tonic, invigorating, tonicRoot drink

Dishes with chicory

Dishes with chicory occupy an important place in various national cuisines: Belgian, Dutch, Spanish, Italian, Greek, etc.

Unfortunately, it is very rare to find chicory salad in our grocery stores. Regular consumption of dishes made from its leaves and roots increases appetite, stimulates the digestion process, enhances heart activity, improves blood composition, and has a beneficial effect on the nervous system.

Chicory can be used in the preparation of various dishes, it all depends on imagination and taste preferences. Chicory roots and leaves can be eaten boiled, stewed, fried, baked, stuffed, added to soups, seasonings, vitamin green salads and vinaigrette.

Chicory can be an excellent side dish for fish and meat dishes: boiled in boiling salted water (15 minutes); stewed in milk (sour cream) sauce; fried with onions or garlic.

Various products are added to dishes with chicory roots and leaves: cheese, eggs, ham (minced meat, pate), parsley, celery, walnuts and hazelnuts, green peas or beans, beets, carrots, avocados, cucumbers (salted or fresh), spices (thyme, sage), as well as berries and fruits (citrus fruits, pineapples, peaches, figs, apples, pears and grapes), which help neutralize bitterness.

Dishes with chicory can be seasoned with mayonnaise, sour cream, béchamel sauce, mustard, vinegar; fruit salads (popular in France, Belgium) - yogurt.

To remove excess bitterness, you can put chicory leaves in cold salted water for 30-40 minutes, or dipped in boiling water for 1-2 minutes.

Veterinary

Chicory is a valuable forage crop for domestic animals and birds. In commercial food for cats and dogs, chicory extract is added as a source of fructo-oligosaccharides (prebiotics). Chicory is also included in feed mixtures for ornamental rodents.

Chicory is an unpretentious plant, cold-resistant, drought-resistant with a high content of vitamins, microelements and other biologically active substances. I really hope that in the near future it will receive due recognition and wide distribution in Russia.

Anna Vasilina


Common chicory is considered one of the most beneficial plants for human health. But before using it, you should still familiarize yourself with the composition and take into account the calorie content.

The thickened extract of fried chicory contains 263.8 kcal, 64 g of carbohydrates, 1.95 g of protein and no fat at all. Chicory root is more caloric - 378 kcal, and it also contains 56 g of carbohydrates, 9.8 g of protein and, like in the previous product, there is no fat. Raw herbs are less caloric - only 23 kcal. Chicory herb contains about 4.7 g of carbohydrates, 1.7 g of protein, 4 g of fiber, 92 g of water, 0.7 g of sugar and 0.3 g of fat.

Plants include the following vitamins: A, E, K, C, B1, B2, B4, B5, B6, B9, PP. It also contains valuable elements: calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, copper, etc.

The properties of chicory help it to ensure the excellent functioning of all systems of the human body. Medical professionals and ordinary traditional healers note its health benefits, but do not say that it can be used as a panacea for all diseases. But it can be useful to supplement the diet in the absence of contraindications.

Many people know what chicory looks like, but not everyone can understand that this plant is in front of them.


The use of chicory - garden and vegetable garden

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Chicory

Chicory is a tall, perennial, herbaceous plant with a dense leafy stem of the Asteraceae family, which is widely cultivated throughout the world.


The benefits of chicory for the body

Hello dear friends!

In recent years, as in the old Soviet times, chicory (a soluble powder from the root of a plant or its jelly extract) has firmly established itself on the shelves of tea and coffee shops. Nutritionists unanimously say that the inclusion of this product in the daily diet will bring tremendous benefits to the whole body, enriching it with vitamins and microelements, will help to find the coveted harmony and rightfully replace such a popular energy stimulant as coffee, which more and more adherents of a healthy way are trying to refuse. life.

Let's talk in more detail about this plant, and about which one is available the benefits of chicory for the body person.

Chicory belongs to the herbaceous plants of the Astrovye (Complicated) family, whose homeland is rightfully called the Mediterranean. Sky-blue (less often pale pink or white) chicory flowers can be found on the edges of forests, flooded meadows, endless fields, hillsides, in ravines, and gardens. The plant grows everywhere in areas with a temperate climate. Chicory is massively cultivated in North America, Russia, Ukraine, Central Asia, and European countries.

Dried, roasted and crushed roots are usually added to natural coffee in order to enrich it with flavor notes and increase the beneficial properties, used as an independent drink, or replace caffeine-containing drinks with it. Chicory roots are harvested throughout August, while flowers and grass are harvested in mid-summer (mostly July).

Biochemical composition of chicory root

The vitamins present in the root are represented by retinol, beta-carotene, ascorbic acid, tocopherol, K, choline and group B (B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, PP). The main macro- and microelements contained in chicory: magnesium, selenium, calcium, potassium, sodium, phosphorus, zinc, iron, boron, iodine, cobalt.

The plant is rich in protein components, a bitter substance (glycoside), tannins, organic acids, antioxidants, pectin, dietary fiber (fiber), fructose, resins, ash, pentosans (polysaccharides).

The most valuable chemical compound in chicory roots is inulin (up to 45%) - it is a recognized catalyst for metabolic processes in the body and a natural sugar substitute that improves the functioning of the entire digestive system. In the presence of inulin, the ability to absorb calcium from food increases dramatically.

What are the benefits of chicory drinks?

1. Enrichment of the body with valuable biologically active compounds.

2. Decrease in blood glucose levels (with regular use).

3. Anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, sedative, tonic, restorative effect on the human body.

4. Expansion of blood vessels and a beneficial effect on our entire cardiovascular system as a whole. The systematic use of chicory drinks is an effective prevention of arterial hypertension, tachycardia, arrhythmias, etc.

5. For patients suffering from anemia, drinks from chicory with the addition of dark varieties of honey and whole milk are shown, since they contain rather high doses of easily digestible iron.

6. The cleansing properties of the drink are due to the diuretic and choleretic effect of the active components of the plant.

7. Natural cleansing of the intestines from decay products, due to the presence of pectin compounds and dietary fiber, which contributes to the creation of optimal conditions for the development of beneficial microflora.

8. Chicory drinks are actively used in the process of losing weight. The complex effect on the body, which consists in eliminating dysbiosis and constipation, activating metabolism, neutralizing the harm from an improperly composed diet, removing toxins and toxic compounds and leveling blood sugar levels, allows you to naturally reduce body weight.

9. Unlike coffee, which has a stimulating effect on the central nervous system, which is contraindicated during pregnancy, chicory will not only act as a full-fledged substitute for it, but will also bring great benefits to the female body, gently stabilizing the work of all glands and accelerating metabolism.

10. The active ingredients of chicory are an excellent remedy for heartburn.

11. Beneficial effect on appearance. All substances in the composition of the drink, especially B vitamins and organic acids, minerals and pectins, tone the skin, improve color, turgor and smoothness, and also lead to the strengthening of the nail plate and hair follicles. Daily use of chicory increases the regeneration of skin cells and contributes to its faster renewal, which is especially important for dermatological diseases or the presence of various kinds of wounds.

How to eat chicory root

Despite the fact that before getting to the consumer's table, the plant undergoes serious industrial processing, it does not lose its healing qualities. Soluble chicory, like its extract, is as easy to use as possible - just dissolve 1-2 teaspoons of powder or concentrate in a glass of boiling water, add whole milk, bee honey or sugar to taste, and the nutritious drink is ready. The daily dose should not exceed 3-4 teaspoons of the powder.

Contraindications to drinking chicory root drinks

Although the benefits of chicory for the body huge, individual intolerance and allergy to the components of chicory root is a contraindication to its use in any form. Overdose (more than 3 cups a day) can adversely affect liver function, and in some people, cause sleep disturbance and overexcitement. You should drink chicory with caution for the following pathologies: bronchial asthma, hemorrhoids, varicose veins and some other diseases of the vascular system, peptic ulcer and gastritis during an exacerbation, problems with the gallbladder, especially cholelithiasis. In the presence of chronic diseases, before using chicory, like any other herbal products, it is advisable to consult a specialist. See you, friends!


Watch the video: Best Use Of Chicory Seeds For Improve Digestion Health


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