Erantis (spring): planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, photo


Garden plants

Flower erantis (lat.Eranthis), or spring man represents a genus of perennial plants of the Buttercup family, numbering seven species. Translated from the ancient Greek language, the name of the genus means "spring flower". Representatives of this genus are native to Asia and southern Europe. Two species are endemic to China, one is endemic to the Siberian mountains, and one is to the Japanese island of Honshu.
The type species of the genus was brought from Europe to North America, and now it can be found there even in the wild. In the culture of erantis since 1570.

Planting and caring for a spring

  • Bloom: in March-April for 2-3 weeks.
  • Landing: sowing seeds in open ground immediately after harvesting in the fall. Or in the spring, after stratification of the seed in the refrigerator.
  • Lighting: bright light or partial shade.
  • The soil: light, moisturized, slightly alkaline.
  • Watering: not needed.
  • Top dressing: Not needed.
  • Reproduction: seeds and nodules.
  • Pests: not amazed.
  • Diseases: gray mold.
  • Properties: the plant is poisonous.

Read more about growing a spring plant below.

Botanical description

Erantis flower is a herbaceous plant with a thickened tuberous root, one or two basal palmate-separate leaves that appear during or after flowering. Single flowers are located on peduncles about 25 cm long. Flowers are open only during the day, in the evening and in cloudy weather, they fold, protecting the pistil and stamens from moisture. Immediately under the flower is a whorl of large, deeply dissected stem leaves. Erantis bloom lasts 2-3 weeks. The fruits of the spring are flat accrete leaflets with oblong-ovate brown-olive seeds.

Planting erantis in the ground

Growing from seeds

Spring seeds are sown in the fall, immediately after harvest, or in spring, but for spring sowing, the seeds are artificially stratified for two winter months: they are placed in a container with wet sand and kept in a vegetable box of the refrigerator, from time to time moistening the sand and shaking the seeds. Under winter sowing, seeds undergo natural stratification in cold soil during the winter months.

Erantis can be sown both in the sun and in partial shade from shrubs and trees, but it is dangerous to grow them in the lowlands, as they can die under the ice crust. Spring soil prefer light, moist, slightly alkaline soil. The seeds are deepened by 5 cm. Seedlings appear in spring, but in the first year the plant forms only cotyledon leaves, which quickly die off. Do not panic: the plants did not die, they are focused on the formation of small nodules, similar to lumps of clay, which will give a real leaf next spring, and no later than the end of August they should be dug up and transplanted to a permanent place, observing the distance between the plants within 6- 8 cm. In the third spring, spring plants usually bloom. If for any reason you decide to postpone planting to spring, store the nodules in damp sand or peat so that they do not dry out.

Erantises reproduce well without anyone's help - by self-seeding.

How to plant

Erantis tubers are propagated only after 2-3 years, when the rhizome develops well in the plant. In the interval between the end of flowering and the death of the leaves, the rhizome with nodules is dug out, the daughter nodules are separated, the rhizome is also divided into parts. After processing the cuts with crushed coal, both parts of the rhizome and nodules are immediately planted in the ground in a permanent place to a depth of 5-6 cm with an interval of 10-11 cm between holes. You can place from 3 to 6 nodules in one hole. The wells are watered before planting, a handful of a mixture consisting of compost (humus) and broadleaf wood ash is thrown into them. After planting, the surface is mulched.

Spring care in the garden

Growing conditions

The spring does not need moisture, since in the spring it is in excess, and in the summer erantis is already at rest. If during planting you applied fertilizer to the wells, then fertilizing the plant will not be needed either. You will only need to slightly loosen the soil between the plants and remove weeds even when the ground part of the spring dies off.

Without transplants, erantis can grow for 5-6 years, forming beautiful dense thickets, but after this period it should be dug up, divided and planted. Keep in mind that spring plants are poisonous, so plant them out of the reach of children and pets.

Pests and diseases

Due to its toxicity, erantis is not affected by pests or rodents. Sometimes, as a result of high humidity, the root system of the plant can get sick with gray mold. This problem can be avoided by removing excess moisture, since the roots of erantis do not tolerate getting wet.

Vesennik after flowering

After flowering, the ground parts of the plant gradually die off, and erantis enters a dormant period. A frost-resistant spring plant hibernates without shelter.

Types and varieties

Several types of erantis are grown in the culture, but not all of them are equally popular.

Erantis winter (Eranthis hyemalis)

He winter spring, or wintering spring comes from southern Europe, where it can be found under deciduous trees in forests and on mountain slopes. Plants of this species have an underground rhizome with nodules, basal leaves, leafless peduncles 15-20 cm high and yellow six-petaled flowers, under which are dissected elegant bracts. The winter spring blooms at the end of winter, right from under the snow, and the flowers appear before the leaves. After flowering, that is, in late May or early June, the ground part of the plant dies off. The species is winter hardiness. He has been in culture since 1570. The most famous varieties of the species are:

  • Noel Hey Res - winter spring with double flowers;
  • Orange Glow - Danish variety, bred in the Copenhagen Botanical Garden;
  • Pauline Is a garden variation obtained in the UK.

Erantis Siberian (Eranthis sibirica)

In the wild, it grows in Eastern and Western Siberia. It is a small tuberous plant that dies off quickly after flowering. It has low, straight, single stems, one basal palmate-split leaf and single white flowers. Flowering begins in May, and the growing season ends in June.

Eranthis cilicica

It grows naturally in Asia Minor and Greece. This species was introduced to Europe in 1892. The plant reaches a height of 10 cm, but its flowers are larger than those of a winter spring. The leaves of Erantis of Cilician are reddish-purple, finely and deeply dissected. Stem leaves are also dissected into narrow lobes. The plant blooms two weeks later than wintering erantis, but not so actively. The species is moderately hardy.

Erantis long-legged (Eranthis longistipitata)

Originally from Central Asia. This species resembles a winter spring, but is inferior to it in size: the plant reaches a height of 25 cm. The flowers are yellow. Flowering begins in May.

Erantis Tubergena (Eranthis tubergenii)

It is a hybrid between Cilician Erantis and winter. He has larger tubers and bracts, and the flowers do not form pollen and do not produce seeds, due to which the flowering of this erantis lasts longer. The following varieties are popular:

  • Guinea Gold - plant 8-10 cm high with sterile dark yellow flowers 3-4 cm in diameter, surrounded by greenish-bronze bracts. The variety was obtained in the Netherlands in 1979;
  • Glory - This variety has large yellow flowers and pale green leaves.

Eranthis stellata

Originally from the Far East. It reaches a height of 20 cm. It is a herbaceous perennial with three basal leaves, a leafless stem, crowned with a flower with white petals, bluish-purple underneath. Erantis grows star-shaped in deep shade, blooms in April.

Erantis pinnatifida

Japanese species with yellow nectaries, white flowers and blue stamens. Despite the plant's hardiness, it is best to grow it in a greenhouse.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Buttercup family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Information about Herbaceous plants

Categories: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Plants on B Plants on E Buttercup


Early Spring Primrose

How pleasant it is after a long and gray winter to watch the bold messengers of spring, primroses, they bravely make their way through the frozen ground when nature is still sleeping. One of the very first, not afraid of either snow or frost, eranthis hatches to please us with its delicate flowers. Erantis wintering, for example, blooms 1.5-2 weeks earlier than crocuses, can you imagine that?


Description of the plant

Hosta is a genus of perennial plants belonging to the Asparagaceae family, which includes many species. Plants originate from East Asia - Japan and China, where the typical species is the Japanese hosta (Hosta Japonica). The species are very diverse, they can grow from 30 to 100 cm. Most varieties reach a height of 30-60 cm. The highest variety, "Cross Regal", grows up to 150 cm.

Hosts are characterized by high stability, unpretentiousness, frost resistance. In winter, the aboveground part dies off, and in spring a new rosette of leaves comes out. They can be left unattended for many years.

Flowers of all kinds are similar. Some bloom in July, others in early fall. The flowers are arranged on a long stem, bell-shaped, purple or white. The flower stalks of most varieties reach 100-120 cm. Sometimes the flowers smell, but there are many odorless varieties. The flowering period varies from one cultivar to another, usually from June to August.

The main decorative feature of the hosta is its magnificent leaves. They look exceptionally good in a group, covering large areas under trees.

  • hosts with uniform green leaves prefer shady positions in the garden
  • varieties with yellow leaves or white edges tolerate sunny places.

Photo. Hosta leaves sometimes look as if they were painted with different colors.

Initially inconspicuous small light leaves, during full development, can acquire a beautiful, juicy green color, and become pale again in the fall. Varieties with white, creamy leaves, and also blue are very popular.

One of them is the hosta Siebold, whose leaves have a unique blue-green color.


Landing erantis

Erantis, or springs, reproduces mainly by seeds. I sow them in the autumn in partial shade, to a depth of 2 cm. In order to make it easier to care for the seedlings, I sow them in a box made of thin plywood or thick cardboard. I bury the box in the soil. A very convenient way, since the plants do not "get sick" after transplanting, and it is easier for me to break through the weeds. And in a year there will be no trace of the box.

Erantis shoots appear in the spring. In the first year of flowering, there is no need to wait, since only cotyledon leaves appear. A month later, they crumble, and spring nodules form and gain strength in the ground. The next year, in spring, erantis tubers germinate. But you will not see flowers this year either. But by this time, full-fledged tubers had already formed in the ground. After the leaves of erantis die off, the tubers must be dug up and planted in a place where you would like to see them bloom, where their presence would be appropriate.

Erantis wintering, or winter (Eranthis hyemalis). © J & Konrad


Erantis flowers: planting and care, propagation in the open field

How pleasant it is after a long and gray winter to watch the bold messengers of spring, primroses, they bravely make their way through the frozen ground when nature is still sleeping.

One of the very first, not afraid of either snow or frost, eranthis hatches to please us with its delicate flowers.

Erantis wintering, for example, blooms 1.5-2 weeks earlier than crocuses, can you imagine that?

Everything about erantis: description, types, planting and care

Erantis (spring flower or spring flower) is a perennial, miniature representative of the Buttercup family. The flowering period lasts no more than three weeks, its beginning depends on the weather, mainly the buds open towards the end of March or in the first half of April.

First, single, fragrant cup-shaped flowers (up to 3 cm in diameter) appear on bare petioles. At the very top of the peduncle, right under the bud, there is a whorl of three sessile, densely dissected leaves, which open up to form a pretty skirt.

When it gets a little warmer, the plant acquires openwork foliage. Each bush has no more than three basal petiole leaves of a round, finger-dissected shape. The fruit is flat accrete leaflets with numerous brown seeds.

Types of erantis

The genus, according to various sources, consists of 7-9 plant species with a tuberous-thickened rhizome, all of them belong to the group of ephemeroids, closer to the beginning of June the leaves wither and erantis goes into a state of dormancy.

  • B. winter or hibernating (E. hiemalis) - this species can most often be found on sale, it grows rapidly and has excellent winter hardiness. It blooms very early, the height of the stem during flowering reaches 5 cm, after the peduncle stretches up to 10 cm. The optimum temperature for full development is not higher than 10 ° C, the buds open only in clear weather. Common varieties: Lady Lamortagne with semi-double yellow flowers, Flore Pleno (double greenish lemon flowers) and Orange Glow - rich orange flowers.
  • IN.Siberian (E. sibirica) - another frequent visitor to flower shops, a species with a high pedicel (up to 30 cm) and one basal leaf, blooms in May with white flowers.
  • V. cilician (E. cilicica) - a species with a late flowering period and poor winter hardiness, young leaves have a reddish-purple hue, then turn green.
  • V. Tubergen (E. x tubergenii) - a hybrid of the wintering and Cilician erantis. The species with the longest flowering period, bronze foliage and peduncles from 8 to 20 cm high. Does not form seeds. A common cultivar Guinea Gold with large yellow flowers.
  • B. long-legged (E. longistipitata) differs from other species in the latest flowering period, peduncle up to 40 cm high, yellow flowers.
  • V. pinnapped (E. pinnatifida) poorly tolerates winter, peduncles up to 20 cm, in April blooms with white flowers with lilac stamens and yellow nectaries.
  • V. stellate (E. stellata) similar to the previous species in height and flowering period, and the flowers themselves are slightly different, the white petals of the star-shaped erantis in the lower part have a bluish or pale purple hue. The Sonata variety is very popular.

Cultivation, care and reproduction of spring plants

Vesennik is easy to grow, the plant is unpretentious and adapts well to any soil, but so that erantis does not lose its decorative effect, it is better to create comfortable conditions for it - light, nutritious and non-acidic soil with good water permeability.

Vesennik loves sunny, open places or light, diffused shade, it can be planted near deciduous trees. At rest, erantis tolerates drought well, and during the growing season it needs constant, moderate humidity.

Reproduction of erantis

Mostly erantis breed seeds, since the process of tuber formation is very slow. For friendly seedlings, seeds need stratification, so a good result will be only with podzimny sowing.

The first shoots form cotyledonous leaves, which die off quickly. In the second year, the bush will acquire one real leaf, and in the third or fourth year, the spring will bloom.In the first year, underdeveloped tubers should not be disturbed; they can be transplanted only in the second year.

Division of corms... The procedure for transplanting daughter bulbs is carried out in May, the plant must be at least 2 years old. The nodules are very small and look like lumps of clay. With a summer transplant of an adult corm, it can be cut and planted with cuttings, the cuts must be processed with wood ash powder.

Tubers can be planted immediately or stored until September in wet peat or sand, it is advisable to plant purchased erantis immediately, excessive drying of tubers is destructive. In order for the bulbs to take root faster, they should be soaked in warm water for a day.

Planting depth - 5 cm, distance - 6 or 8 cm. Excessive deepening will adversely affect growth, and shallow planting threatens to dry out the tubers. Erantises can be planted in groups (up to 6 tubers per hole).

The last date for planting the spring is the end of August. To suppress the growth of weeds and protect areas with a plant from trampling, plantings need to be mulched, and for the winter, if desired, they can be covered with bark or peat.

Erantis in landscape design

Vesenniki, due to their short stature and lack of greenery, are effective only in group plantings. Plant them wherever you want - they are appropriate everywhere. Bright spots of erantis will decorate any flower bed, lawn or curb. And what a joy for bees, admire:

You can create a small spring garden, that is, plant a spring garden in a company with other ephemeroids, for example, hellebores, crocuses, groves, snowdrops, etc. Such a combination of primroses around dwarf conifers on a Czech rolling pin will look especially good.

As you can see, the spring plant is a very interesting bulbous plant, and it is a pleasure to see it in the garden in early spring. Plant erantis on your site, planting and caring for it will not burden you.


Planting and caring for the heliantemum

The ebony will thrive and bloom luxuriantly only in sunny areas with well-drained soil. There are no special requirements for the composition of the substrate; even stony, calcareous or sandy soil will suit the flower. An adult plant does not like transplants and takes a very long time to recover, so take the choice of a place seriously.

The sunflower does not tolerate excessive moisture, it can be watered only as needed, in moderation. Heliantemum is responsive to organo-mineral fertilizers, but frequent feeding can be harmful, 2 times a season is enough. Repeated flowering can be achieved if you cut off an already faded bush by a third of the height.

Diseases and pests

The tenderloin is rarely sick, due to waterlogging, the plant can be affected by powdery mildew, in this case treatment with biofungicides will help (2 or 3 times with an interval of 10 days). From folk remedies and as a preventive measure in rainy times, the infusion of old hay is excellent.

Septoria is manifested by brown spots on the leaves, pruning of the affected parts and, in extreme cases, treatment with Bordeaux liquid (1%) will help to cure the bush. Of the pests, aphids and thrips are dangerous; you can get rid of intruders with the help of Fitoverm.


Astrantia in garden landscaping

Many varieties of Astrantia prefer shade and partial shade, as long as it is not too damp. So such a flower will be a wonderful decoration for plantings of conifers and shrubs. Stars in Astrantia's colors will look good against a dark background. Like in the night sky. For example, a variety such as Snow Star, greenish-white, or silvery-pink Roma.

But there are also more sun-loving views, for example, the Moulin Rouge, with bright burgundy flowers and a dark wrap. Such plants will decorate a rock garden or rockery in a sunny or slightly shaded area. The main thing is that the sun still comes in there, better in the morning and in the evening.

A combination of astrania, Siberian iris and yellow-leaved sedge - photo © www.gardenia.net

Astrantia coexists well with ferns, bells, hellebores, lupines, garden geraniums and many other plants, especially perennials. Also, different varieties of Astrantia can complement each other, especially if they bloom at different times. Suitable for flower beds, ridges and low hedges.

Composition in natural style from © www.thenewperennialist.com

Arrangement of phlox, astrantia and hakonehloa at Angel Collins Garden Design

Finally, we note that even if you did not find seedlings in stores, it is quite easy to propagate these garden flowers - they are cut, divided by rhizome, sown with seeds (more details here). We safely recommend planting such an unpretentious perennial as Astrantia in the garden - planting and caring for it in the open field will not bother you, and, as you saw from the photo, the compositions with his participation are simply gorgeous!

(2 estimates, average: 5,00 out of 5)

Watch the video: How to grow broccoli from seed to harvest - A complete guide


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