8 varieties of decorative onions that will become an unusual decoration for any flower bed


Most gardeners are accustomed to growing onions or onions on their plots. Other species of this plant are little known and rarely grown. But they can become a real decoration not only for the beds, but also for flower beds, besides, alliums are unpretentious and hardy.

Aflatunsky onion

In nature, it grows only in one place on earth - on the Chatkal ridge in Kyrgyzstan. Often grown in flower beds and yards, as an ornamental plant.

This is facilitated by the huge purple balls that crown the arrow. The ball consists of many star-shaped flowers, which, after flowering, turn into black seeds.

The culture is used for cooking and is an excellent honey plant. Moreover, it can be in the ground for several years, it is not necessary to dig it out. Aflatun onions are frost and drought resistant.

Karatavsky bow

The plant is popular in decorative floriculture. Used to decorate flower beds, flower beds, mixborders. Since it is short, it is planted in the first line.

The smooth leaves are very wide and resemble a little lily of the valley leaves. Flowers are collected in round, pink-purple, dense inflorescences.

The bulb is gray or blackish, can grow in one place for many years. Used for cutting and composing winter bouquets.

Bow of christoph

The decorative perennial is also called the Star of Persia. Huge inflorescences with a diameter of up to 20 cm flaunt on tall thick stems.

They are composed of a variety of pink-purple star-shaped flowers. Perennial plant, very decorative, used to decorate areas.

After drying, the huge balls harden and can be used like dried flowers. The culture grows well in sunny open places, in soft fertile soil.

Neapolitan bow

Another decorative culture that can boast of its unusual appearance. It grows in height up to 50 cm. And the peduncles look like large hemispherical pink umbrellas.

Sometimes they can be white. Umbrellas are composed of bell-type flowers. The Neapolitan onion is often used in group plantings. Groups of plants look very impressive during flowering and in cut.

Moth bow

The attractive plant is also called golden onion. It differs from other species in its bright yellow flowers, similar to small lilies.

The flat green leaves give the composition more expressiveness. Moths are simple and easy to grow, they are undemanding to soil and can grow both in the sun and in a little shade. Does not tolerate stagnant water and severe drought. It goes well with other types of bows.

Onion Pretty

The original name of this plant is consistent with its appearance. He is also called pretty.

The drooping inflorescences, similar to the pink-lilac streams of a fountain, give the plant a graceful look. The pretty one reproduces easily by self-seeding, blooms in July. If you do not follow it, it takes up significant areas.

Schubert's bow

He is called the champion of originality among bows. Its pedicels are of different lengths and some can reach a height of 50 cm, while others almost lie on the ground.

Looks spectacular in dry bouquets. Loves loose and fertile soil. It is preferable to plant it in sunny, open areas. Needs shelter for the winter.

Giant bow

It is used in landscape design because of its decorative qualities. It blooms for a long time and effectively, retaining its attractiveness and brightness.

Even in autumn, dried buds can be used as dried flowers, which look especially good in floor vases. The plant is perennial; it is planted in sunny open areas in loose light soil.

All types of decorative alliums can be grown in flower beds and alpine slides. Their unusual appearance finds its admirers. Moreover, some of them can be eaten.

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Allium is an unpretentious flower and fits perfectly into any flower garden. The round-headed and bent (wild) onion varieties, due to their moderate stem height of 50-60 cm, are suitable for decorating garden paths. The Bulgarian variety can be planted along an unsightly hedge, which it will decorate with its meter tall stems and flowers with unique colors ranging from green to burgundy with a white border around the edges.

Interesting! Allium mix, consisting of white, gold and purple flowers, will be a wonderful decoration for a flower bed.

Choosing a landing site

Growing allium will not be a hassle if favorable conditions are provided initially. The landing site should be chosen in an elevated area open to the sun, far enough from buildings, trees and flowers. The soil should be loose, easily air-permeable, with neutral acidity. With a high acid index, lime must be added in advance. Planting is carried out in September or spring, when the night temperature is set at around 10 ⁰С.

Preparation of planting material

For the cultivation of ornamental onions, it is recommended to choose the planting material very carefully. Bulbs must be carefully inspected for mold and plaque before planting. If there are doubts about the quality of the inoculum, then it is better to hold it for 30 minutes in a weak solution of manganese. If the wounds are completely fresh, then they are sprinkled with crushed coal or smeared with a solution of brilliant green. After finishing with disinfection, the bulbs must be warmed up at 40 ° C for 12 hours. This will protect alliums from diseases (downy mildew, neck rot).

Planting process step by step

Ornamental onions are transplanted into the ground in a certain sequence:

  1. Choose a suitable place for the culture.
  2. They dig up the soil, making it loose and saturating it with air.
  3. They introduce compost and wood ash into the soil, improving its nutritional value.
  4. Dig holes at a distance of 20-25 cm from one another.
  5. A drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the wells (its composition can be any).
  6. The bulbs are placed in the wells to a depth of 2 bulbs.
  7. Sprinkle the holes with earth and carefully compact them with your hands.
  8. Water each onion planted in moderation.
  9. Mulch the planting site with coniferous needles or sawdust.

Attention! If allium bulbs are planted too often, their roots can become entangled and the plants will lack food.


Landing

After you decide on the site on which you will grow allium, it will need to be dug up, while mineral fertilizers and humus should be added to the soil. Then prepare the landing pits and spill some water over them. After the decorative onion is planted, the surface of the site is covered with a layer of mulch.

Planting in open soil is carried out at the end of September, while the temperature of the soil in the area of ​​formation of the root system should be about 10 degrees.

Growing

It is quite easy to grow a culture on your garden plot, since it is distinguished by its unpretentious care. Weeds must be removed from the site in a timely manner, its surface must be regularly loosened and covered with a layer of mulch during the growing season. Allium is watered sparingly, while it belongs to such plants that tolerate a short drought better than stagnant water in the ground.

Site selection

It is recommended to choose a sunny site for its cultivation, since this plant belongs to the photophilous. The soil he needs is loose and well-permeable to water. In order to prevent stagnation of liquid in the root system, it is necessary to try to improve the drainage properties of the soil. A suitable soil should have a pH close to 7.0. Lowlands and places where there is stagnant water during melting snow and rains are not suitable for growing ornamental onions. For planting, a hole is prepared with a depth of 2 or 3 times the height of the bulb, thanks to which the root system will be protected from drying out and from winter frosts.

Do I need to dig up the bulbs for the winter?

Experts advise digging the bulbs every year after the seeds are fully ripe and the leaf plates dry. They can be planted again in the ground in the autumn. For storage, the bulbs are removed in a place where the air temperature does not exceed 18-20 degrees. Some species can be planted not only in autumn, but also in spring, for example, Ostrovskaya, moth and blue. It is recommended to put small onions for storage in a container with peat or sawdust, this will help to avoid their drying out.

Top dressing

Allium can be fed with wood ash and compost. The plant needs fertilization during the active growth of foliage, during the formation of buds and the formation of bulbs. In order for the plant to endure the winter better, at the beginning of the autumn period it is recommended to feed it with potassium-phosphorus fertilizer, while undissolved granules are introduced into the soil. You can only transplant seedlings of the initial stage of growth.

Allium propagation by seeds

Allium grown from seeds will begin to bloom only after a few years. For example, yellow and blue allium blooms in the third year of growth, while species with very large inflorescences (for example: Schubert, Christoph and Giant) begin to bloom only in the sixth or seventh year after sowing.

Cold stratification is recommended for the seeds of the giant allium, and the aflun allium germinates well in a warm place. If the conditions are ideal for the growth of ornamental onions, then they can successfully self-seed.

Allium bulb reproduction

In any of the allium species, small bulbs sometimes form on the inflorescences, which are called bulbs. To stimulate their formation, it is recommended to cut the buds and treat the bushes with a growth stimulating agent. Experts say that the bulbs are young planting material clean for phytopathogens, therefore they are recommended for planting. For example, if you plant allium blue bulbs, then the grown bush will begin to bloom in the second year.

Diseases and pests

If you take care of the allium incorrectly or there will be an increased level of humidity for a long time, then the bushes can be affected by downy mildew or various rot, and onion flies or root mites sometimes settle on them. In order to prevent these diseases, before planting, the bulbs should be warmed up for 10-11 hours at a temperature of about 40 degrees, this can be done in a dryer or oven. If pests have settled on the bush, then it must be treated with a chlorophos solution (2%), and you can also use peat, wood ash or tobacco dust for this.


Decorative onions - varieties

There are a large number of species that can be planted on your site:

  1. Decorative bow Gladiator. The giant allium can grow up to 1.5 m in height. It also stands out for its luxurious inflorescences, the diameter of which can reach 25 cm. This type of decorative onion begins to bloom in June and ends in 2-3 weeks. The flowers are lilac or purple in color.
  2. Decorative blue bow. Original flowers of beautiful color will decorate the flower bed and garden area. In diameter, the bulbs reach 2 cm. The stem of this variety reaches a height of 1 m and leaves are in its lower part. Bell-shaped flowers are small and have bulbs. Blooming is observed in July.
  3. Decorative bow Ivory Queen. In this variety, the stem can reach a height of 25-35 cm, and on top there are lush flowers, reaching a diameter of up to 12 cm. The inflorescences are ivory. The variety also stands out for its chic leaves, which are wide, corrugated and green-blue in color. It is worth noting a bright fragrant aroma.
  4. Decorative bow Globemaster. The presented variety was obtained by crossing several species. It is popular due to its gigantic size. The decorative allium onion can grow above 1 m, but the diameter of the inflorescences is 20-30 cm. Flowering is observed in June.
  5. Decorative bow Giganteum. Already from the name it is clear that this plant is tall, so the height can reach up to 1.5 m. The inflorescences cannot be called huge, since the diameter does not exceed 10 cm. The flowers are painted in a bright purple hue.
  6. Decorative bow Schnitt. There are also other names: "skoroda" or "Siberian onion". It is distinguished by its fast growth, strong branching and succulent subulate leaves. It blooms in June and is represented by bell-shaped flowers. The color ranges from pale pink to deep crimson.
  7. Decorative bow Chameleon. It is a perennial bulbous culture with star-shaped flowers collected in ball-shaped inflorescences. They are creamy pink in color with dark lines in the center of the petals. Height is 50 cm. Abundant flowering is observed from May to July.


Decorative bows are everywhere ...

Despite its unusual appearance, decorative bow does not require special care. Unpretentious plants with spherical inflorescences are not at all picky. In spring, the plant needs a lot of sunlight, but when the leaves fall, the amount of sun ceases to matter, making it ideal in a garden where there is a lot of shade from the trees in summer. Ornamental onions adapt to a wide range of soils without being too damp.

And one more reason for growing "lanterns": the inflorescences keep a spherical shape even after wilting: drying out on the stem, they retain their appearance for several weeks or even months.

Leave them in the garden surrounded by other plants, or collect them in bouquets for home decoration, or - for exotic things - spray paint on dry heads from a can. Painted white or purple, the flowers look fresh. Hot pink, fluorescent yellow or red give them a fantastic and whimsical look.

note

If unsuccessful “attempts to grow other bulbous plants have discouraged you from doing this due to an invasion of pests, you will be pleasantly surprised by the fact that pests rarely disturb the inflorescences or bulbs of ornamental onions. The plant is also not susceptible to diseases, and it is not interesting for harmful insects.


'Globemaster' decorative bow - very good garden shape. It begins to bloom in June, and often ends with the onset of autumn. Spherical inflorescences, up to 25 cm in diameter, consist of many star-shaped flowers. The flower stalks that appear between the shiny green leaves reach a height of 80 cm.

Decorative bow 'Purple Sensation' - a well-known garden form of hybrid ornamental onion with dark purple flowers. Representatives of this variety reproduce by seeds. Normally, up to 70 cm high, with slightly ribbed stems, protruding leaves up to 4 cm wide and cupped dark purple flowers.

Decorative bow 'Mount Everest' - decorative bow with large white flowers and long arrows growing up to 120 cm. Beautifully shaped leaves remain green for a long time. Spherical umbrellas with a diameter of 15 cm consist of several dozen white star-shaped flowers. Cut inflorescences are used to make bouquets.

Round-headed onion 'Hair'. © Patrick Standish

Decorative bow 'Hair' - decorative bow with unique flowers and gray leaves. It is widely used in landscape flower beds and for cutting. A plant with a pleasant aroma, easy to propagate, does not present any difficulties in culture. Ideal for containers, bulk plantings, curbs, and cuttings.Blooms from late spring for 3 weeks.

Ornamental round-headed bow, or ball-headed (Allium sphaerocephalon) Is a very beautiful plant that can be planted in flower beds with other perennial herbs. It is also placed on lawns and lawns, as well as between or under fruit trees, as is often done in England. When planted in large groups, the ball-headed onion looks as impressive as possible.

Ornamental Schubert Bow (Allium schubertii) is so unusual that when you first see this plant, you will not immediately understand that it is an onion. Blooms in June. This plant is usually planted in the foreground of the rock garden, where it attracts attention with its originality. The bulbs are not frost-resistant, so they need shelter for the winter.


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