Strawberries have rightfully won the title of "Queen of Berries". She, so juicy and bright, is waiting for everyone - from small to large. Moreover, this berry ripens one of the first, and along with the enjoyment of the taste, a person receives a lot of vitamins. But the bushes are very vulnerable, they require special care. And beginners in the gardening business, before engaging in breeding, should find out the intricacies of planting this culture in autumn and spring, what temperatures the culture may be afraid of and how to cover and protect from dangerous frost.
Disputes between gardeners about planting strawberries have been going on for quite some time. Some argue that the plant will take root better during spring planting, while others tend to engage in strawberries at the sunset of the garden season.
The main argument of the latter is a plant planted in spring will not give a crop... And this is really so, besides, if a hot summer comes, then young bushes can dry.
Autumn has a number of advantages:
In the autumn months, gardeners have enough time to calmly prepare the site and plant the desired variety.
Gardeners can independently determine the time of planting berry bushes, based on the climatic characteristics of their region:
Plant the plants later Not recommended in any region of residence, because frosts can destroy young, fragile bushes. The best solution would be to disembark per month until the expected temperature drop to 0 degrees and below. You can use the hint of the lunar calendar and determine the ideal day.
When landing, pay attention to weather conditions. Better to plant in warm weather, after rain.
The next step after determining the landing time is preparation of plants and soil... A large harvest of strawberries can be obtained if berries are grown on sandy loam and loamy soil, black soil. Clay soil should be enriched with the substances necessary for plant growth, contained in peat, manure and humus.
To saturate the soil with oxygen on the site, plant siderates (lupine, mustard). At the end of spring, mow them and mix with the ground when digging a plot. You should not plant strawberry bushes if tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, eggplants, asteraceae and buttercups grew in this area earlier.
It is best to purchase seedlings in a specialized nursery... They must meet the following requirements:
You can, of course, try growing strawberries from seeds. And already these plants should be planted in open ground. But not all gardeners can devote enough time to caring for seedlings.
In any case, the seedlings should be placed in a cool place for several days, and just before planting, dip their roots in a "talker" - a mixture of water, humus, soil and any growth regulator. If strawberry bushes are taken from their own beds, then they should be immediately planted in a new place.
The growth point of the strawberry should be at ground level. Therefore, it is best to plant seedlings on low earthen ridges, spread the roots along their slopes. After that, gently cover with earth and spill well with warm water.
It is recommended to loosen the soil immediately after planting for the smooth passage of moisture to the roots.
There are also several rules that guarantee excellent survival rate of young plants:
To repel pests, it is often used garlic infusion - 5-6 heads of garlic are placed in a 5 liter jar of water. The folk remedy should be insisted for 6-7 days. This liquid contains strawberry seedlings before planting.
The roots of adult plants can withstand soil temperatures up to -7 degrees, naturally, young bushes are deprived of such frost resistance. Therefore, immediately after planting strawberries need to be mulched.
Any natural material is suitable for this procedure - fallen needles and foliage, sawdust, spruce branches other. You can also use straw to hide berries for the winter. These materials will form the first layer of shelter, allowing air to circulate among the plants.
The next layer is snow. This atmospheric phenomenon will not allow the soil to freeze and will keep young plants until spring. In regions with little snow, it is better to insure yourself and cover the beds with agrofibre, which makes it possible with 100% probability to protect strawberries from severe frosts.
Protect the plants from frost for an excellent harvest.
A cold spring is unlikely to harm young strawberries. Unless severe frosts fall on the soil in mid-May, when the plants are ready for flowering and berry growth.
At 1 degree below zero, each bush loses up to 8% flowers, and a temperature of -3 degrees will destroy the whole 25%.
After the frost, the gardener should take a closer look at the plants - blackened pistils indicate that there will be no harvest. It so happens that the flowers are preserved and even bloom. But, most likely, the fruits will be deformed and underdeveloped and cannot be saved.
In the spring months, frost protection of strawberries becomes urgent. Gardeners need to act quickly and decisively.
The main thing is to raise the temperature in the soil by 1-2 degrees.
This can be done by sprinkling - irrigate the beds with warm water as many days as the frost lasts. Also effective smoke pollution of landings, when fires of brushwood and well-burning garbage are made near the strawberry plot. This method of protection provides additional warmth to young bushes, but requires safety precautions.
In order to enjoy delicious berries from your garden in the first days of summer, you need to properly plant and care for the plants. And if you also allocate more space for this culture in the summer cottage, then you can provide the whole family with tasty and healthy strawberry jam.
It is very important to know when to plant seedlings in the spring, otherwise you may not wait for the berries in the summer. The approximate dates for planting strawberries are as follows:
This is only in theory, but in practice you need to take into account the condition of the soil and the weather. Depending on these factors, the timing can be shifted in one direction or another. It should be remembered that in any case, garden strawberries should be planted in spring as early as possible.
There are certain rules when it comes to strawberry predecessors. You cannot plant strawberries after certain plants. Such plants are: eggplants, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers. It is capable of transmitting existing diseases to strawberries when planting.
It is better to plant new strawberry bushes or plant a mustache after they have formed in the area where carrots, greens, radishes or beets previously grew.
When choosing a site for planting strawberries, if you want to get a high yield, you should study the features of the plant:
In order for strawberries to bear fruit abundantly, the bushes should be planted in well-lit areas, especially for large-fruited varieties. A place is allocated for berry beds in the southwestern parts of the garden. The best soils for planting are chernozem and dark gray forest soil, which has a light composition.
Read also When to plant potatoes in 2021: terms and features of planting a garden crop It is recommended to plant strawberries in the area where garlic, onions, carrots, cauliflower, legumes, siderates, parsley and other greens, radishes and radishes, corn used to grow. You should not grow it after potatoes and cabbage (except cauliflower), tomatoes and other nightshade crops, cucumbers, pumpkins, zucchini.
Crops that need the same nutrients as strawberries are not the best neighbors for strawberries. You can plant root and leaf parsley, dill, garlic, various root vegetables, legumes, marigolds next to strawberries.
It is advisable to prepare the strawberry garden in advance, that is, in the fall. And in early spring, the soil is loosened with a rake. Then organic fertilizers (manure or humus) are applied, and preventive soil treatment is carried out in the form of disinfection. This should be done about 2 weeks before planting.
I leave the mustache on the mother liquor, add fertile soil and start growing rosettes. The best rosettes are those that are closer to the mother bush. Therefore, no more than three outlets are left on each shoot.Nevada
Strawberries are moisture-loving, but they cannot stand waterlogging. The place where strawberries grow should be protected from the winds, since part of the root system freezes out at a temperature of -10-12 ° C, so it is better to winter under a cover of snow with a layer of at least 20-25 cm. Strawberries cannot be grown for more than 4 years on one place (good for 2-3 years), since various infections and fungal diseases accumulate, such as: wilt, gray and white rot and other diseases.alina11
For my first year, strawberries are planted on a black non-woven fabric. The bushes have grown very lush, the berries are clean and there are almost no problems with weeds. Not very violently, but underneath the non-woven fabric, the snake grows, sometimes you have to lift the boards (they lie in the aisles and hold the lutrasil) and pick off the weed under a rag. I watered in the heat and then there was a lot of rain, the earth was compacted under strawberries, in the spring it will have to be loosened, in some rows it will be inconvenient to do this. I don’t know if it’s possible to take off and put on the non-woven fabric, they’re very much opened.DEva
I myself did not build these towers, but I saw how other summer residents build towers and pyramids, after a while they cool down and leave. I have never seen commercial plantings on towers, only on flat fields. And the strawberries themselves do not try to climb anywhere higher, they are always plastered ...Observer
Growing strawberries isn't easy. And especially if she was planted in a hurry and without observing basic rules. But with the correct and timely passage of all stages, the harvest will be guaranteed and high.