Growing onion sets from seeds

Why are many summer residents in no hurry to purchase onion sets in the retail network, but try to grow it on their own? Buying an onion in a store, there is no guarantee of its quality: it is not known where it was grown, how it was fed and how it was looked after. And everything is quite the opposite with planting material grown by your own hands and in your garden.

The process of growing onion sets is troublesome and requires a lot of patience. But for persistent gardeners, nothing is impossible. You just need to clearly follow all the recommendations for growing and care, and then there will be no problems.

Preparing a bed for onion sets

The selection and preparation of a land plot begins in the fall, when the harvest has already been harvested. Garden beds where cucumbers, cabbage or radishes were grown are well suited for onion sets. The site should be in a well-lit place.

It is necessary to add humus to the soil (when digging the beds), as well as several useful components. One square meter will need about half a bucket of humus, one hundred and fifty grams of ash, superphosphate and nitroammophoska - one tablespoon each.

For organic farmers, it is recommended to sow the area selected for onion sets with plants - siderates, for example, mustard. In the future, it will become a reliable protection against onion flies for young plants, and a source of nutrition for the soil. In this case, wood ash can be applied in the spring.

In late March - early April, a few days before planting onion seeds, the land plot must first be loosened well, then compacted a little, spilled with any solution with effective microorganisms and covered with a dense opaque film.

Dates of sowing seeds for onion sets

In early spring, planting is carried out in early April, in cold spring weather - at the end of April. It is generally best to plant the seeds earlier. Neither bulbs nor seedlings are afraid of frosts down to minus four degrees.

Preparing seeds for sowing

Purchased seeds do not require any preparation, since they have already undergone appropriate processing. But their seeds will need some procedures to increase the percentage of germination and further development. You can use one of the options:

1. Seeds of onions should be soaked in warm water for a day, but change the water several times.

2. Seed material is soaked in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for 24 or 48 hours, but replace it with a new one at least three times.

3. You can leave the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate only for an hour, and for the next 18-20 hours soak them in a solution of 100 milliliters of water and two drops of "Epin".

4. For 25 minutes, onion seeds are kept in water heated to 50 degrees, and then in cold (about three minutes). After that, as in the previous version, the seeds are soaked in a solution with Epin.

5. First, it is necessary to soak the seeds for thirty minutes in hot water (up to 50 degrees), and then the same amount in aloe juice.

To speed up the emergence of seedlings, the seeds can be germinated. To do this, they need to be laid out between two pieces of damp cloth and kept in such conditions for forty-eight hours. Before sowing, germinated seeds need to be dried a little and lightly sprinkled with chalk powder.

Sowing methods of onion seeds

Sprouted seeds can be sown in dry soil, and for non-germinated seeds, a bed must be prepared. First, pour hot water over the entire area, then the grooves prepared for the onion directly, and only after that the seeds can be planted.

Seeds can be sown in rows. The row spacing is about 25-30 centimeters, the depth of the grooves is about two centimeters. It is good that there is a gap of one and a half centimeters between the seeds - this will save you from thinning out young crops in the future.

After planting, the grooves with seeds are covered with a layer of humus (about two centimeters) or loose earth and are slightly compacted. After that, watering and mulching are carried out. It would be ideal to cover the finished beds with transparent waterproof material on arches. This will help the seedlings grow quickly and maintain soil moisture. Remove the film immediately after the first shoots appear.

You can sow seeds in another way - with a ribbon. To do this, on the prepared land plot, it is necessary to make wide stripes, similar to ribbons. The distance between them is approximately 20 centimeters, and the width of each of them is approximately 10 centimeters. The seeds are not laid out, but scattered on the surface of each of the strips. There are about 10 grams of seeds per square meter.

This method of planting does not require thinning, since there is enough free space for each seed next to each other. After planting, everything is repeated according to the usual pattern: the seeds are covered with soil, compacted, watered and mulched.

Experienced gardeners recommend sowing seeds on a thin layer of sand, which can create and maintain the warm temperature needed for the onions.

Basic care for onion sets

Young shoots can appear as early as 7-8 days after planting. All types of onions grow green feathers at the initial stage of development. Therefore, watering should be done moderately. In a dry and hot summer, one or two waterings per week will be enough. And at the stage of bulb formation, watering vegetable plants is generally not recommended.

If unfavorable weather conditions develop at an important stage of bulb formation - torrential rain does not stop for several days, then you need to protect the plants from excessive moisture and decay with the help of protective covers. If there are arcs on the beds, then a plastic wrap is laid out on them, which will hide the plants from rain and protect the soil from unnecessary moisture.

The condition of the soil is of no small importance for the cultivation of onion sets. The beds must get rid of weeds in a timely manner. The mulching layer should be mandatory, as it will become a reliable protection not only for plants, but also for the soil.

Harvesting and storage of onion sets

The time for harvesting can be determined by the appearance of the onion sets. He is ready to harvest if his feathers begin to turn yellow, and the bulbs seem to lie on the beds. This usually occurs between late July and mid-August.

All bulbs must first be removed from the ground along with the feathers, and then laid out to dry under a cover that reliably protects from precipitation, and left there for two weeks. On clear sunny days, onions can be laid out directly in the sun on the beds - this will speed up the drying of the bulbous feathers. Dry tops are usually cut off, leaving small two-centimeter tails on the bulbs.

Onion sets can be stored in a cool basement or at home. Suitable storage containers are cardboard boxes or small bags made of natural fabric. When storing in a basement, a temperature is required - from 0 to 3 degrees Celsius, and in a living room - about 18 degrees. Under other temperature conditions, onions will spoil their sowing qualities.

Bulbs less than 1 centimeter in diameter are better stored in cool conditions, and larger ones in warm conditions.

How to plant onion sets. Garden World site

Growing onions in the open field

It is advisable to cultivate onions from seedlings and seeds in the Moscow region, in the Urals and Siberia using separate agricultural techniques. The seeds must be sown for seedlings in March-February, the seedlings must be planted in the ground on the ridges in mid-May. The video at the end of the material shows the planting process.

In Russia, onions have been grown since the 12th century. In general, the culture was grown to obtain a tasty spice and product as early as the 4th millennium ago. Onions are in great demand not only among gardeners. This product is bought for its taste and medicinal qualities. The root vegetable has a strong bacterial effect, contains juices useful for humans with B vitamins, as well as A, C and PP. Eat onions raw or cooked. Add to dishes and preserves. The process of growing a plant is not as easy as it might seem. Seeds (nigella) or sevok are used. In this issue we will find out what conditions are required, what agrotechnics to follow and how to prepare planting material for growing onions.

Growing methods

It is customary to use a variety of planting methods to optimize your onion-growing efforts and to increase yields.

Sowing in early spring (soil, planting depth)

The most common way to grow onions is spring sowing. You need to plant in early March (in the Southern District of our country) until mid-May (in central Russia). Sowing beds are chosen sunny, located on elevations. Distance from groundwater and the lightness of the soil are important. Onions are able to germinate when the temperature rises to +8 degrees. Before sowing, the soil can be spilled with a pink solution of potassium permanganate to disinfect it. You can learn more about growing Elan onion seeds here.

Onion seeds are indistinguishable in the soil. To the location of the beds was uniform, it is possible to use this method: in the long section glued to Chernushka toilet paper, and then it is placed into the groove and added dropwise. Seeds are glued at a distance of 8 centimeters from each other using paste.

Sowing in autumn

Sowing onion seeds in the fall gives good results. It allows the seeds to germinate first, as soon as the upper layers of the soil thaw. Melted snow gives a lot of moisture in early spring and relieves the gardener from the worries of watering onion plantings. Seeds hardened during the winter give strong shoots that perfectly tolerate spring frosts. In all regions (except for the regions of the Far North or those equated to them), you can fearlessly plant before winter - the soil under a layer of snow does not freeze to critical temperatures, but keeps them in the region from 0 to -5 degrees. Sowing seeds in the fall saves valuable time in the spring when the gardener has many other things to do.

Sowing before winter is done when average temperatures drop below +5 ... +7 degrees. The soil must be dry. Under these conditions, the seeds will not germinate and will not die during frost. They will simply remain in the ground until spring.

Pre-cultivation of seedlings (grow a turnip)

The method allows the cultivation of late-ripening onion varieties even when the warm period is very short. This method saves money on the purchase or storage of seedlings in the winter. Growing seedlings, and then, planting them in the ground, you can harvest two crops in one season. This material will tell you about the characteristics and care of Shallots.

Onion seedlings are grown in boxes filled with turf soil with humus.

The layer of earth should not exceed 10 centimeters. Large depths of boxes are not needed for onion crops. Their fibrous root system occupies the upper layers of the soil. The distance can be allowed up to 2 centimeters between plants.

The temperature should be maintained from + 10 to +18 degrees. If it is warmer, then the active growth of green onions will begin, and not the development of the root system. This should not be allowed.

Features of agricultural technology for growing onion sets

Many gardeners are interested in the question of how to properly grow onion sets from seeds. You need to start by looking for a bed where potatoes, cucumbers, cabbage or tomatoes previously grew. If you do not take this condition into account and sow "nigella" in the same soil as before, it will be difficult to avoid infection with various diseases.

You need to prepare the soil in advance by choosing an area in the sunny part of the garden. All weeds should be removed and the earth should be dug up. Compost, rotted manure (prerequisite), as well as phosphorus or potash fertilizers (about 40 grams per m2) are applied in the fall. Soil with high acidity is treated with lime.

In the spring, on the eve of the sowing period, the soil can be fertilized with ammonium nitrate. The norm is no more than 25 grams. per m2.

Planting seeds

Planting onion sets in spring with seeds is carried out in the last week of April or in early May. The main thing is that the threat of frost has passed, and the earth is sufficiently warmed up by the sun's rays. The day before sowing, the grains must be soaked in a small amount of water or laid out on a damp cloth. Then they should be dried in the shade and treated with onion pest protection.

Grooves are formed on the bed, up to 2 cm deep and watered with water. Minimum row spacing - 8 cm, maximum - 30. Seed consumption - about 10 gr. per m2. The distance between the grains should not be less than 0.5 and more than 2 cm.If the seeds are planted in the ground thicker, the crops will have to be thinned, if less often - the bulbs will be larger and will start up arrows next year, reducing the fruit yield.

Caring for the sowing of nigella

There are a lot of ways how to grow onion sets of the required sizes from seeds, but they all include several main rules:

  • weeds must be weeded regularly, but very carefully so as not to accidentally damage the fragile root system
  • the soil should be loosened 5 cm deep. This advice is especially relevant in the first half of the ripening period.
  • watering should be regular during the growing season for the leaves to form and grow successfully. You don't need to water the garden a month before harvest
  • onions that grow on fertile land do not need additional feeding. However, if the plant looks weak, you can apply nitrogen fertilizer at the rate of 10 grams. substances per m 2. This must be done before the formation of the bulb begins. Phosphate fertilizers can improve the condition of the soil during the season, potash fertilizers - from the middle of the growing season
  • for preventive purposes (approximately during the flowering of dandelions), it is advisable to sprinkle the ground with a mixture of fluff and tobacco, taken in equal proportions. These components can be replaced with a product made from naphthalene and regular sand (1:20). This is the only way to avoid the destructive influence of the onion fly. Spraying shoots with Karbofos also helps in this case.
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Harvesting onion sets from seeds

The ripening time for nigella is the last week of July and the first days of August. If the summer turned out to be rainy, then it is better to hurry up with the harvest.

Yellowed feathers, fallen leaves, yellowish skin on a ripe bulb serve as a natural signal. Dig out the sevok only in sunny weather, so that you can hold the fruits a little in the garden. A kilogram of vegetables is usually harvested from a square meter.

Nigella is dried under a canopy or in the attic with free air access and minimal moisture. Leaves can be trimmed after they are completely dry. The whole process takes about 3 weeks.

The next step is sorting. A sevok less than 1.5 cm in size will not give a high yield, and bulbs exceeding 2.5 cm in volume will start a feather.

That is why you need to focus on average parameters. Store the onion in a slide or in a nylon stocking at a temperature not lower than 18 and not higher than 22 degrees.

Planting and growing onions through seedlings

This method is quite troublesome, but it allows you to grow bulbs from seeds for one season. To do this, you will need a container with darkened walls, the height of which is not less than 10 cm.Filling it with earth, we make grooves up to 1 cm deep.The area with the sown seeds must be covered with a centimeter layer of soil, tamped a little and sprinkled on top with a spray bottle filled with heated water.

The container covered with a film must be placed in a room where the temperature is kept at the level of 22-25 degrees Celsius. After about two weeks, the first shoots should appear on the surface. At this time, the film must be removed and the container must be placed in a bright place, where the temperature rises from 15 to 20 degrees during the day and stays at 10-12 at night.You can regulate the temperature regime by ventilation. Excessive heat can reduce crop resistance.

Before planting in the ground, it is enough to feed strong seedlings just once, but weak stems need additional mulching with a mullein solution. Mineral fertilizers are also suitable.

It is best to plant seeds in a container in late February or early March. Seedlings ripen on average 60 days, after which (in the first decade of May) it can be planted in the beds. On the eve, the plants should be well watered, and then carefully removed from the soil in turn. It is advisable to shorten too long roots so that they do not bend in the ground.

The grown seedlings are placed in the hole at a distance of about 10 cm. The row spacing is about 25 cm. When planting large onion varieties, it is more advisable to adhere to the 30x30 cm scheme. Watering is carried out immediately after planting, and then daily during the first week. Further, you need to moisten the soil as it dries.

Growing onions from sets

Seeding soil is prepared in the same way as when planting seeds. But the seed requires more attention:

  • all bulbs must be sorted out, removing rotten, wilted and deformed samples
  • the selected nigella should be warmed up in the sun for two to three weeks at a temperature of about 20 degrees, and then kept for 7 hours at a 35-degree temperature regime. Such a procedure will promote faster bud formation, increase the plant's resistance to various unfavorable factors.
  • to protect future seedlings from decay, the bulbs should be treated with a solution of copper sulfate the day before and planted in a wet state
  • grooves are dug on the prepared bed, the depth of which should reach 2-4 cm, the row spacing should be about 25 cm
  • the distance between the bulbs is selected based on the size of the seed. If the fruits are only 1 cm in diameter, then you need to retreat by 5 cm.When the size is 1.5 cm - by 8. Larger bulbs (from 2 cm and more) sit in the interval of 10 cm
  • Sevok should not be immersed deeply in the ground. That is, the top of the head must be on the ground. Otherwise, the bulb may get an elongated shape during growth.
  • the time when to plant onion sets in open ground is selected based on the climatic characteristics of a particular zone. Most often this is the middle or end of April. The main thing is that the earth has time to warm up to 12 degrees.
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Basic care for onion sets

Young shoots can appear as early as 7-8 days after planting. All types of onions grow green feathers at the initial stage of development. Therefore, watering should be done moderately. In a dry and hot summer, one or two waterings per week will be enough. And at the stage of bulb formation, watering vegetable plants is generally not recommended.

If unfavorable weather conditions develop at an important stage of bulb formation - torrential rain does not stop for several days, then you need to protect the plants from excessive moisture and decay with the help of protective covers. If there are arcs on the beds, then a plastic wrap is laid out on them, which will hide the plants from rain and protect the soil from unnecessary moisture.

The condition of the soil is of no small importance for the cultivation of onion sets. The beds must get rid of weeds in a timely manner. A mulching layer should be mandatory, as it will become a reliable protection not only for plants, but also for the soil.

Growing turnip onions from seeds in one season

For those who do not want to mess around for a long time and dream of growing a full-fledged onion from seeds in one season, there is a very real, albeit rather troublesome, technology. Not all varieties are suitable for the implementation of such a plan, but only early ones, such as Borodkovsky, Zolotnichok, Carmen, Odintsovets, Early pink, Red Baron, Siberian etc.

Growing onion seedlings from seeds on a windowsill

Onion seeds for seedlings are sown in boxes 10 cm deep until March 5-12. For germination, use peat soil with microelements or independently enrich it with wood ash at the rate of 0.5 cups per 5 kg. Sprouted seeds are sown to a depth of 1 cm and the containers are left at room temperature, slightly moistening. After the emergence of seedlings, the temperature is reduced to 14-16 ° C, and the seedlings are thinned out so that 2-3 cm remain between them.

Water the seedlings every other day with warm water, feed them twice with complex mineral fertilizer according to the instructions. By the time of planting, each plant should have 3-4 true leaves.

Planting onions in the ground

In mid-May, the seedlings are usually ready to move to a permanent place. Onions are prepared for transplanting as follows:

  • watered abundantly
  • taken out of the box
  • leaves and roots are cut by a third
  • dip the roots in a clay mash.

The bulbs are planted, not deeply deepening, at a distance of 8 cm in a row and 20 cm between rows. Further care is carried out, as for ordinary onions, but they are harvested not earlier than mid-August and they try not to store for a long time.

Watch the video: TRG 2016: Starting Onions Indoors: Knowing the Zones u0026 Over Seeding Seed Starts

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