Nature is a well-known lover of celebrating her upcoming "winter vacation". The colors of autumn are unusually bright, juicy, creating a feeling of a holiday, despite the drizzling rain, the sad murmur of bird flocks leaving our land, the "premonition" of frost in the morning and other signs of the end of a warm season. Luxurious garden plants that have gained strength over the summer are pleasing to the eye.
Paniculata phlox - its unpretentious flowers with unusually varied color of petals - becomes a magnificent decoration both for the ceremonial areas of the garden and its secluded corners. There are more than 1500 varieties of phlox, among which there are a lot of late-flowering ones. Phlox flowers have an unusual, tart aroma, especially noticeable in the evening hours.
Only the double monarda, one of the most famous garden plants containing essential oils, can compete with them in terms of smell.
Monarda leaves the "autumn scene" early enough, together with the king of September flower beds - the cultural dahlia, whose root tubers by mid-October should already be dug up and dried for further storage.
But another famous representative of the same Asteraceae family - aster - is destined to pamper flower lovers with her presence until late autumn. New Belgian and New England asters are tall, and shrub aster can play the role of a border plant in the fall.
Pink, white, carmine and lilac shades of asters are especially good in alternation with helenium and rudbeckia. Lush clumps of dissected-leaved rudbeckia look like fabulous thickets, one of the varieties of which is better known as "golden ball"... Two other, very popular species - brilliant rudbeckia and glossy rudbeckia, although they are inferior to the "golden ball" in height, but are able to give a certain volume to the autumn flower bed due to the brownish shades of their petals.
Where giant growth is not needed, autumn helenium looks good, which, in addition to its inherent variety of color in different varieties of this plant (from golden to reddish and brown), is capable of changing the color of its inflorescences at different times of flowering. Thus, on one bush of helenium, you can simultaneously find harmonious color transitions.
Numerous varieties of Korean chrysanthemum - the leader of autumn bloom - bloom before the first snowfall. Chrysanthemum cannot but be popular, so good are its magnificent inflorescences, which can be double or simple, of the most varied colors and sizes.
Trees and shrubs with brightly colored foliage serve as a good background for the joyful golden-yellow range of autumn colors. The leader among such plants is the maiden grape, the beautifully dissected leaves of which, with the onset of cold weather, are painted in burgundy tones. Most commonly used for vertical landscaping, maiden grapes or less commonly found in gardens Amur grapes, can completely braid with their shoots and garden gazebo, and walls of fences, and facades of houses.
Speaking of foliage coloring, one cannot fail to mention goof silver and sea buckthorn, whose whitish-gray leaves bring their own unique touch to the palette of the autumn garden. Gorgeous maples, euonymus, buckthorn brittle with its lemon-yellow foliage - all these are good old acquaintances of gardeners in the middle lane.
Often, in addition to the juicy color of autumn leaves, plants are able to please us with the brightness of fruits ripened in the sun. The already mentioned sea buckthorn decorates its branches with orange bunches of berries. Looks advantageous in the autumn garden of the tree, bringing out bright white balls of fruit against the background of pink or purple foliage to the rays of the autumn sun.
Until late autumn, bright berries of hawthorn, rose hips, viburnum and mountain ash flaunt on the branches. The barberry is also good, whose magnificently shaped red berries, collected in openwork brushes, can decorate any front garden. Barberry Thunberg has the fame of a plant that, due to the crimson color of its leaves, gives texture to shrub plantations.
Low-growing forms of barberry are often planted on alpine hills. Here you can find blooming heathers and Erica - unusually diverse and very widespread in the West plants, which have not yet won a worthy popularity in our gardens. Cute, varied colors of heather inflorescences easily tolerate the first frosts and retain their decorative effect until the snow cover falls.
Growing these plants will become much easier if, when planting them on the site, you bring a leaf litter from a nearby forest with mycorrhiza - a necessary component of the successful growth of all representatives of the Vereskovykh.
In rockeries and on the lawns of the autumn garden, crocuses or colchicums are often found, resembling crocuses in their appearance. Colchicum delights the eye with the richness of pink and lilac shades of their fairly large flowers. The absence of foliage, which dies off in summer, in mid-July, leaves these plants completely defenseless against autumn showers. To save the delicate petals of crocus flowers from heavy raindrops, you should arrange them with sheds or transplant them under the canopy of the branches of garden shrubs. In addition, you need to remember that the crocus is poisonous, and wash your hands thoroughly after "talking" with the handsome man.
If it seems to you that the autumn plot is not decorative enough, remember that there is a great garden technique that solves many problems - container gardening. Asters and chrysanthemums, variegated coleuses and all the same heathers look great in pots, exposed both in the green thicket of the lawn that has grown over the summer, and along the garden paths. With the onset of a frank cold, containers can be collected and kept for some time on the windowsills in the house, and, looking at the snow that has fallen outside the window, remember the beauty of the past autumn, and also think that every winter is just the eve of a new summer ...
N. Ivanova, biologist
A beautiful blooming garden will always be a decoration of any home. And it doesn't matter at all whether it is a garden in your country house, where you can spend not much time, or a garden of your private house. The importance of choosing flowers for your garden can hardly be overestimated. It depends on the flowers how your garden will look like. Consider what flowers are best to plant in your home or country garden to turn it into a piece of paradise.
It should be noted right away that the choice of garden flowers has its own specifics. After all, many people visit the dacha not so often. For example, only on weekends. Therefore, in such cases, your choice should fall on flowers that do not require frequent and careful care. In addition, they must be unpretentious and tolerate well a prolonged drought, or, on the contrary, frequent flooding rains. For example, bright orange marigolds are perfect for a country garden. They are unpretentious to the soil. They tolerate prolonged drought well. The only requirement for successful cultivation is a sunny location. There should not be any shrubs or trees casting a shadow nearby. For example, a narrow flower bed along the path would be a good place. By the way, marigolds have a whole palette of different shades. You can choose the most pleasant marigold color for yourself by visiting the page of the online store https://cib.net.ua/.
If there are a lot of bushes and trees in your summer cottage, then it is better to pay attention to flowers that are unpretentious to sunlight. Nasturtium would be a great option. In addition, the flower grows rapidly.
Ipomoea is distinguished by very beautiful flowers. In addition, morning glory is also quite undemanding to the soil. Morning glory is perfect for a country garden, and for a garden near your home. This flower has increased tenacity and braids any object that is nearby. Morning glory can decorate the wall of your house, fence, columns.
If you do not plan to change the flowers in your garden every year, then in such cases it is worth looking at perennials. Very common among perennial flowers, peonies and dahlias. Peonies will decorate your flower bed for over 10 years. In addition, the peony blooms throughout almost the entire summer. The flower does not require special care. It is enough to cut off the aerial part of the peony in the fall.
Muscari will look very beautiful under trees and bushes. Flowers of delicate purple shades. They feel great both in the shade and in the sun. Also ideal for lawn planting.
There are a lot of plants that make it possible to decorate the garden. All you need is just to give free rein to your imagination and your garden will delight the eye from early spring to late autumn.
Do you want to organize an attractive flower garden, but your site is located in a place where the sun is a rare guest? Dont be upset! If you choose the right shade-tolerant flowers, you can decorate even a gloomy corner of the garden.
When creating flower beds from shade-loving flowers, you need to do good drainage on the site and do not forget about regular watering, especially during a dry period. After all, these plants are moisture-loving.
Most shade-tolerant plants are not sown (since there is not enough light for the seeds to germinate), but are propagated by segments of rhizomes, rooted cuttings, bulbs or tubers. Plants that bloom in summer and autumn are planted in spring, and those that bloom in spring are planted in autumn.
Experts advise planting bushes of peonies, astilbe, host, daylilies and many other plants before winter. At the same time, it is advisable to transplant and divide perennials. Before the cold weather begins, the flowers will have time to take root, and in the spring, with the onset of warm days, they will immediately grow.
In late August - early September, prepare a place and a landing pit for them. Put humus and some complex fertilizer in it. After a week, you can plant seedlings and cuttings. Place the seedling upright, straighten the roots, fill the hole with soil and cover the perennials with a layer of compost about 3 cm thick, this will help prevent the flowers from freezing.
Some perennials grown from seeds are also planted before winter, and many of them require planting just before the onset of cold weather, since they need cold stratification. Lupine, oriental poppy, aquilegia, small petals, gypsophila, primrose and many other perennial flowers are suitable for autumn plantings.
Sowing seeds is carried out on frozen soil. They need to be spread over the surface, then sprinkled with soil, tamped and covered with snow.
The plant is cold hardy, but pruning will increase its hardiness during the winter season.
In the fall, insects can settle under the long leaves of irises or fungal diseases can develop. Remove old iris leaves early in the season.
Already at the beginning of autumn, sanitary pruning is desirable, with the help of which the bush reduces its size.
Cut back the stems in early fall, otherwise there is a risk that the plant will be attacked by mold.
It is necessary to cut the old stems of the plant to the ground, as many caterpillars overwinter in them.
Remove all wilted leaves and blooming flowers to stimulate rich spring growth.